Countries With the Highest Population Growth

By Jessica Dillinger January 8 2018 in Society

Oman has the highest population growth in the world, at 8.45%.
Oman has the highest population growth in the world, at 8.45%.

The population of the world has now surpassed 7 billion people, and it continues to increase at a quick rate. Growth rates tend to vary from considerably from country to country, with developing countries generally experiencing higher rates of growth despite lower accessibility to financial resources. Rapid population growth in impoverished nations presents unique obstacles as they strive for prosperity. Elevated rates of growth in such countries also places a heightened burden on their governments, as they try to stretch their finite resources and infrastructure. Reasoning behind these countries’ fast rates of population growth can be attributed to a number of factors, both external and internal.

A greater numbers of births than deaths results in what is known as “natural” growth. Such growth is affected by factors such as war and contraceptive measures, the distribution of the population among age groups, and life expectancy at birth. Immigration and emigration are also significant contributors to the population changes within a country as well.

Recent data shows that Oman has experienced a growth rate of 8.45% in recent years. This rate of growth positioned this Middle Eastern country within the top spot globally in terms of possessing the fastest population growth rate among any nation that year.

Currently, the world’s population totals an estimated 7 billion-plus people, with more than half of that population residing on the continent of Asia. Another quarter of the population inhabits the continent of Africa, where the African nations of South Sudan and Niger experienced a growth rate of 4.09 and 4.00, respectively. The population growth within the two continents has been a consequence of concurrent rise in the median age of the population, declines in infant and total mortality rates, and high fertility rates which, although declining, are still far above the replacement rate in many of these areas.

According to most likely scenarios forecast by projections from the UN and other international organizations compiling demographic statistics, the world’s population will increase by around an astounding 4 billion inhabitants between now and the welcoming of the year 2100. This growth is said to be a result of people living longer, and healthier lives amidst improved living conditions. Today, three of the five most populous countries in the world can be found within Asia, with India projected to surpass China as the most populous country in the not-too-distant future.

The country rounding out our top 20 is Mali, who reported a growth rate of 2.98%. The second fastest growing population globally, residing within the country of Lebanon, registered an estimated growth of 5.99%. Most people assumed that the United States would have been among the countries at the top of the list in regards to population growth, but in actuality it is not within the top 10 at all. Experts believe that this is due in part to the abundance of contraceptive options available within the country, changes in migratory trends in and out of the nation, and increased education opportunities for women, when traditionally has coincided with reduced birth rates.

Countries With the Fastest Growing Populations

RankCountryPopulation Growth Rate (%)
5South Sudan4.09
13Democratic Republic of the Congo3.17

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