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West Virginia

West Virginia Geography

The majority of West Virginia is heavily forested land, dominated by the Appalachian Mountain System that covers nearly two-thirds of the state.

The state's most significant range (the Allegheny Mountains), extend from the southern part of the state on into Maryland, Pennsylvania and Virginia.

The highest peaks in West Virginia are located within the Allegheny range, and many rise to 4,000 ft, or more. The highest point is Spruce Knob at 4,861 ft.

The Allegheny Plateau covers the western third of West Virginia, stretching on into Ohio and Pennsylvania. Elevations across the plateau vary greatly, but three hundred feet above sea level is a good average.

Hot water mineral springs are found throughout this mountainous state; White Sulfur Springs is the most famous. The Allegheny mountains of eastern West Virginia are also laced with miles of limestone caves; Organ Cave is the largest.

The state's most significant river is the Ohio, as it forms (with it's tributaries) the state's western border.

Other rivers of note include the Potomac and its North and South branches, Big Sandy and Tug Fork, Cacapon, Cheat, Greenbrier, Kanawha, Little Kanawha and New River.

A closer look at the topo of West Virginia is on this Landforms of America

  • Landforms of North America
  • Rivers of North America
  • West Virginia Photographs

    matewan, west virginia

    Matewan, West Virginia

    West Virginia Cities, Counties & Area Codes

    City County Area Code
    Philippi Barbour 304
    Martinsburg Berkeley 304
    Danville Boone 304
    Sutton Braxton 304
    Wellsburg Brooke 304
    Huntington Cabell 304
    Grantsville Calhoun 304
    Duck Clay 304
    West Union Doddridge 304
    Oak Hill Fayette 304
    Glenville Gilmer 304
    Petersburg Grant 304
    Lewisburg Greenbrier 304
    Romney Hampshire 304
    Weirton Hancock 304
    Moorefield Hardy 304
    Clarksburg Harrison 304
    Ripley Jackson 304
    Charles Town Jefferson 304
    Charleston Kanawha 304
    Weston Lewis 304
    Branchland Lincoln 304
    Chapmanville Logan 304
    Fairmont Marion 304
    Moundsville Marshall 304
    Point Pleasant Mason 304
    Welch McDowell 304
    Princeton Mercer 304
    Keyser Mineral 304
    Williamson Mingo 304
    Morgantown Monongalia 304
    Peterstown Monroe 304
    Berkeley Springs Morgan 304
    Summersville Nicholas 304
    Wheeling Ohio 304
    Franklin Pendleton 304
    Saint Marys Pleasants 304
    Marlinton Pocahontas 304
    Bruceton Mills Preston 304
    Hurricane Putnam 304
    Beckley Raleigh 304
    Elkins Randolph 304
    Pennsboro Ritchie 304
    Spencer Roane 304
    Hinton Summers 304
    Grafton Taylor 304
    Parsons Tucker 304
    Sistersville Tyler 304
    Buckhannon Upshur 304
    Huntington Wayne 304
    Webster Springs Webster 304
    New Martinsville Wetzel 304
    Elizabeth Wirt 304
    Parkersburg Wood 304
    Oceana Wyoming 304
    This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.