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Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island History Timeline

1500s - 1700s
  • (1534) Jacques Cartier of France reached the Island
  • (1603) Named Ile Saint-Jean by Samuel de Champlain
  • (1720) First continuous French settlement established at Port La Joie
  • (1755) Acadians settled French colony, Ile Saint-Jean, after British-ordered explusion of Nova Scotia
  • (1758) British seized control of Ile Saint-Jean, French setlers deported
  • (1763) Ile Saint-Jean annexed to Nova Scotia
  • (1764 - 1766) Survey divided land into three counties, each 500,000 acres, counties divided into 100,000 acre parishes
  • (1769) Established as separate colony, Charlottetown became capital
  • (1798) Great Britain renamed colony to Prince Edward Island
  • (1803) Scottish immigrants settled on Island
  • (1813 - 1815) Numerous settlements attacked by plagues of mice
  • (1816) Volcanic eruption in Pacific lowered temperatures, harvest yields (Year without Summer)
  • (1851) Responsible government granted to colony, first elected administration took office
  • (1864) Colonial conference held in Charlottetown
  • (1868) Best year for shipbuilding - 120 vessels launched from Island shipyards
  • (1873) Prince Edward Island entered confederation
  • (1880's) Shipbuilding indsutry collapsed, thousands of islanders migrated to find work
  • (1908) Automobiles banned from Island roads
  • (1917) All roads opened to auto traffic
  • (1922) Women won right to vote and hold provincial office
  • (1924) Driving on the right side of the road went into effect
  • (1950) Alberta, B.C., Manitoba, Ontario, Saskatchewan and P.E.I. signed agreement to build Trans-Canada highway
  • (1971) Trans-Canada highway completed
  • (1993) Catherine Callbeck elected first female premier of province
  • (1996) Progressive Conservative Party won elections
  • (1997) Confederation bridge opened, linked Prince Edward Island to New Brunwick
  • (2004) RCMP investigated threatening letters sent to Charlottetown government buildings
  • (2005) Same-sex marriage legislation passed
  • (2007) Liberal Party won elections
  • (2008) Canada, P.E.I. signed new immigration agreement to process applications quicker for skilled international workers
  • (2009) Fire at electricity substation left 55,000 without power
  • (2010) Prime Minister Harper announced a new wind farm to be established on most northern point of P.E.I. for power generation
  • (2011) Liberal Party won elections, Robert Ghiz reelected as Premier
  • (2012) Two major trout fishing streams will be closed to angling following a devastating fish kill

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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