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Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia History Timeline

1400s - 1600s
  • (1497) Explorer, John Cabot, explored present-day Cape Breton Island
  • (1604) French established first capital for Acadia colony at Port Royal
  • (1607) French abandoned Port Royal
  • (1621) English named Acadia Nova Scotia
  • (1629) Scottish settlers arrived at Port Royal
  • (1632) Quebec, Nova Scotia returned to France in Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye; Scots forced to abandon Fort Royal, turned over to French
1700s
  • (1713) Treaty of Utrecht gave Nova Scotia to British; Nova Scotia became British colony
  • (1754) French and Indian War at Port Royal
  • (1755 - 1763) Great Upheaval - French Acadians transferred to other British-controlled colonies, thousands died
  • (1758) Nova Scotia leglislature established
  • (1763) French ceded Cape Breton Island, New Brunswick, St. John's Island (now Prince Edward Island) to British in the Treaty of Paris; joined to Nova Scotia
  • (1769) Prince Edward Island established as independent colony
  • (1775) Independence Hurricane struck from South Carolina to Nova Scotia, killed 4,170
  • (1784) Cape Breton Island, New Brunswick became independent colonies
1800s
  • (1820) Cape Breton Island rejoined Nova Scotia
  • (1849) Nova Scotia first colony in British North America, British Empire to become self-governing
  • (1867) British North American Act joined colonies of Canada, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick in one federal union; Dominion of Canada formed, Ottawa capital
  • (1873) The SS Atlantic, sunk near Peggy's Point, Nova Scotia, 547 killed
  • (1873) Nova Scotia cyclone sank over 1,000 ships, destroyed bridges, wharves, homes, churches; killed 500
  • (1895-1898) Joshua Slocum of Nova Scotia, first man to sail solo around world
1900s
  • (1907) First recorded flight in Canada occurred at Baddeck, Nova Scotia
  • (1917) Halifax explosion caused by detonation of SS Mont-Blanc cargo ship, loaded with wartime explosives, killed 1,900 people and injured 9,000 (world's largest man-made accidental explosion)
  • (1918) Nova Scotia women won right to vote, hold provincial office
  • (1921) Racing schooner, Bluenose, launched at Lunenburg, Nova Scotia1
  • (1945) HMCS Esquimalt torpedoed by German U-boat, sunk off Chebucto Head, Nova Scotia
  • (1955) Canso Causeway between mainland Nova Scotia and Cape Breton Island completed
  • (1956) Conservatives returned to power for first time since Confederation
  • (1958) Springhill Mine disaster occurred, 74 killed
  • (1976) Supreme Court of Nova Scotia ruled province had no right to censor motion pictures
  • (1977) 44-pound lobster caught off Nova Scotia
  • (1992) Fishing industry suffered sharp decline due to overfishing, 20,000 jobs lost
  • (1995) Former Premier Gerald Regan charged with 16 counts of sex crimes
2000s
  • (2003) Hurricane Juan landed at Halifax; 7 died
  • (2004) Boeing 747 MK Airlines cargo plane crashed after take-off at Halifax International Airport, 7 crew members killed
  • (2008) $400 million project launched to clean Halifax Harbour (first of three treatment facilities)
  • (2009) Toronto hiker killed by coyotes in Nova Scotia
  • (2010) Four members of the Legislative Assembly were charged with fraud and breach of trust
  • (2011) Scientists found signs of revival in cod fishery after 20 years of decline
  • (2012) Metro Transit bus and ferry operators struck for 40 days, services were shut down

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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