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Manitoba

Manitoba History Timeline

1600s
  • (1610) Henry Hudson discovered Hudson Bay
  • (1612) First European set foot in Manitoba, Capt Thomas Button wintered two ships at Port Nelson
  • (1631) Luke Fox explored west coast of Hudson Bay
  • (1670) Hudson's Bay Company incorporated, charter granted by Charles II
  • (1690 - 1691) Henry Kelsey explored Northern Manitoba from Hudson Bay to Saskatchewan River
  • (1697) Hudson's Bay Company lost all posts, except Port Albany, to French
1700s
  • (1713) Treaty of Utrecht returned all posts to Hudson's Bay Company
  • (1731) French-Canadian, La Vérendrye, set out to explore the west
  • (1736) La Vérendrye's men killed at Massacre Island at Lake of the Woods
  • (1738) La Vérendrye reached forks of Assiniboine and Red Rivers
  • (1742) Fort Dauphin founded
  • (1793) Trading post founded for North West Company on Assiniboine River; Hudson's Bay Company established by Red and Assiniboine Rivers
  • (1797) David Thompson, English-Canadian fur trader and map-maker, reached Souris River
1800s
  • (1801) Canadian fur trader, Alexander Henry the Younger, reached forks of Red and Assiniboine Rivers
  • (1810) North West Company established Fort Gibraltar
  • (1811) Lord Selkirk established first European agricultural settlement near Winnipeg
  • (1812) First settlers arrived at the Forks (Red and Assiniboine Rivers)
  • (1816) Band of Métis, led by Cuthbert Grant, seized a supply of Hudson's Bay Company pemmican (Battle of Seven Oaks) ; Governor Robert Semple, 19 colonists killed
  • (1821) North West Company, Hudson's Bay Company merged (under name of Hudson's Bay Company)
  • (1826) Flood severely impacted settlers at Selkirk Settlement (now Winnipeg)
  • (1849) Pierre Guillaume Sayer found guilty of fur trading in Red River with Metis; Hudson's Bay Company monopoly over trading at Red River ended
  • (1850) Battle of Grand Couteau between Sioux Indians and buffalo hunters took place on Souris plains
  • (1863) Sioux Indians arrived following Minnesota Massacre
  • (1869 - 1870) Louis Riel led Red River Rebellion, seized Fort Garry, established provisional government; Hudson's Bay Company relinquished western Canadian Territory to Canadian Government for $300,000
  • (1870) The Manitoba Act created Canada's 5th province (Manitoba)
  • (1871) Manitoba government met for the first time
  • (1873) Winnipeg incorporated as a city
  • (1875) Icelandic emigrants settled in Manitoba (largest settlement of Icelanders outside of country)
  • (1877) University of Manitoba founded
  • (1888-90) Protestants demanded end to French schools
  • (1890) Manitoba School Act
  • (1890) Manitoba legislature passed law abolishing French as official language of the province
1900s
  • (1916) Manitoba first province to give women right to vote
  • (1919) Winnipeg General Strike was called
  • (1935) Winnipeg Blue Bombers became first western Canadian team to win Grey Cup
  • (1950) Winnipeg flood along Red River caused immense damage and one death
  • (1956) Winnipeg connected to Trans Canada Telephone System
  • (1958) Manitoba Theatre Centre opened
  • (1962) Winnipeg Blue Bombers won Grey Cup in the famous fog bowl
  • (1967) The fifth Pan American Games commenced in Winnipeg
  • (1968) St. Boniface Cathedral destroyed by fire
  • (1972) Manitoba merged into a mega city
  • (1983) Air Canada flight 143 crash landed in Gimli
  • (1984) Winnipeg Blue Bombers won Grey Cup
  • (1985) Supreme Court of Canada ruled that past and future laws would be translated into French and English
  • (1990) Winnipeg became 4th largest city in Canada
  • (1999) Pan American Games held in Winnipeg
2000s
  • (2000) Federal government opened marijuana growing operation in abandoned mine
  • (2004) New anti-smoking laws introduced
  • (2004) Same-sex marriage became constitutional
  • (2007) General Election won by governing New Democrats
  • (2008) 22-year-old Canadian man was stabbed, beheaded, cannibalized on bus near Portage la Prairie
  • (2010) Winnipeg's crime rate dropped 13%
  • (2010) Scientists, environmentalists concerned about wildlife being killed due to plastic pollution washing up on shores of LAke Manitoba
  • (2011) Manitoba artists, industry won 16 awards at Western Canadian Music Awards
  • (2012) March was the warmest month in at least 140 years

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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