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Saudi Arabia History Timeline

Saudi Arabia's Information

Flag of Saudi Arabia
Land Area 2,149,690 km2
Total Area 2,149,690km2 (#12)
Population 28,160,273 (#46)
Population Density 13.10/km2
Government Type Absolute Monarchy
GDP (PPP) $1,730.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $54,100
Currency Rial (SAR)
Largest Cities
570 AD - 1800s
  • (570) Muhammad, founder of Islam, was born into the Quaraysh tribe in the Makkah province
  • (622) Muhammad drafted Constitution of Medina, a formal agreement between himself, the Muslims, Jews and pagans
  • (622) Muhammad and his followers moved from Mecca to Medina
  • (624 - 628) Jewish clans in Arabian Peninsula and Quraysh, an Arab tribe, went to war against Muhammad
  • (630) Muhammed and his army took over Mecca, the area became the first mosque
  • (632) Muhammed died
  • (632 - 661) Rashidun Caliphate was founded after Muhammad's death, became one of the largest empires of its time
  • (644) Umar of Arabia, second Caliph of Islam, was stabbed and died four days later, council appointed Uthman as next caliph; Uthman continued to expand the Muslim Empire
  • (1400s) Saud Dynasty was founded near Riyadh
  • (1742 - 1765) Muhammad bin Saud Al Saud, a member of the House of Saud, allied with Wahhabists and expanded the family's domain
  • (1780) Al-Ajyad Castle was built in Mecca to protect the city and shrines from invaders
  • (1801) Saudi Arabs led Sunni raids into Iraq, killed about 5,000
  • (1804) Wahhabis captured Medina
  • (1806) Saudi Arabs led more Sunni raids into Iraq, killed another 5,000
  • (1813) Wahhabis were driven out of Mecca
  • (1824) Saud family established new capital at Riyadh, established second Saudi State
  • (1837) Sanusi, a Sufi order, was founded in Mecca
  • (1865) Ottomans captured parts of the Saudi State
  • (1871) Ottomans took control of Hasa province
  • (1891) Al-Saud family took exile in Kuwait
  • (1902) Al-Saud's son, Abdulaziz, and 40 followers, retook Riyadh
  • (1906 - 1926) Saudi forces captured Al Hijaz, Asir, Al Hasa regions
  • (1908) Sharif Hussein became Emir of Mecca
  • (1916) Hussein initiated Arab Revolt against Ottoman Empire during World War I
  • (1916) Mecca fell to Arabs during Great Arab Revolt
  • (1916) T. E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) was assigned to be the British liaison to Prince Faisal Hussein
  • (1917) Arab army fought Turkish forces at Akaba, killed 300, captured 160 Turkish soldiers
  • (1918) Arab forces seized Deraa, Jordan
  • (1918) Arab forces, led by Prince Faisal, took control of Syria
  • (1921) Winston Churchill and T. E. Lawrence proposed that Hussein and his sons would rule the region under the watch of British
  • (1924 - 1925) Abdulaziz captured all of Hijaz, including Mecca and Medina
  • (1924) King Hussein abdicated the throne in favor of his son, Ali
  • (1925) King Ali left Hejaz
  • (1926) Abdul Aziz declared King of Hejaz and Sultan of Nejd
  • (1932) Government of Hejaz and Nejd officially changed name to Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was proclaimed
  • (1932) Abd-al-Aziz was proclaimed to be the king
  • (1933) Saud, the eldest son of King Abd-al-Aziz was named crown prince
  • (1938) Oil was discovered in the Dammam Dome near the Persian Gulf
  • (1945) Saudi King al-Aziz and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt reached agreement that U.S. would protect the Saudi royal family in return for access to Saudi oil
  • (1945) Saudi Arabia was a founding member of Arab League
  • (1945) Saudi Arabia was one of the founding members of the United Nations (UN)
  • (1951) Ghawar oil field in Saudi Arabia was put into production, largest oil field ever found
  • (1953) King Abd-al-Aziz died, Crown Prince Saud named king
  • (1953) Saud's brother, Faisal, named crown prince
  • (1960) Saudi Arabia was one of the OPEC founders
  • (1962) Slavery was abolished
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

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About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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