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Iraq Facts

  • Name: Iraq
    (long form) Republic of Iraq
  • Capital City: Baghdad (7,216,040 pop.)
  • Iraq Population: 31,858,481 (2013 est.)
  • World Populations (all countries)
  • Currency: Iraqi dinar
    (conversion rates)

    Iraqi dinar
    5 Dinar
  • Ethnicity: Arab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian, or other 5%
  • GDP total: $155.4 billion (2012 est.)
  • GDP per capita: $4,600 (2012 est.)
  • Land Sizes
  • Language: Arabic (official), Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Turkoman (a Turkish dialect), Assyrian (Neo-Aramaic), Armenian
  • Largest Cities: (by population) Baghdad, Mosul, Irbil, Basrah, Suleymaniye, Kirkuk
  • Name: Arabic for, "the fertile" or "deep-rooted land"
  • National Day: July 14, Republic Day

    note: Iraq has yet to declare an official national holiday but still observes Republic Day
  • Religion: Muslim 97% (Shia 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian or other 3%

    Note: while there has been voluntary relocation of many Christian families to northern Iraq, recent reporting indicates that the overall Christian population may have dropped by as much as 50 percent since the fall of the Saddam Hussein regime in 2003, with many fleeing to Syria, Jordan and Lebanon
  • Symbols

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.