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Iraq Facts

Iraq's Information

Flag of Iraq
Land Area 437,367 km2
Water Area 950 km2
Total Area 438,317km2 (#58)
Population 38,146,025 (#36)
Population Density 87.22/km2
Government Type Federal Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $597.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $16,500
Currency Dinar (IQD)
Largest Cities
  • Name: Iraq
    (long form) Republic of Iraq
  • Capital City: Baghdad (7,216,040 pop.)
  • Iraq Population: 31,858,481 (2013 est.)
  • World Populations (all countries)
  • Currency: Iraqi dinar
    (conversion rates)

    Iraqi dinar
    5 Dinar
  • Ethnicity: Arab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian, or other 5%
  • GDP total: $155.4 billion (2012 est.)
  • GDP per capita: $4,600 (2012 est.)
  • Land Sizes
  • Language: Arabic (official), Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Turkoman (a Turkish dialect), Assyrian (Neo-Aramaic), Armenian
  • Largest Cities: (by population) Baghdad, Mosul, Irbil, Basrah, Suleymaniye, Kirkuk
  • Name: Arabic for, "the fertile" or "deep-rooted land"
  • National Day: July 14, Republic Day

    note: Iraq has yet to declare an official national holiday but still observes Republic Day
  • Religion: Muslim 97% (Shia 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian or other 3%

    Note: while there has been voluntary relocation of many Christian families to northern Iraq, recent reporting indicates that the overall Christian population may have dropped by as much as 50 percent since the fall of the Saddam Hussein regime in 2003, with many fleeing to Syria, Jordan and Lebanon
  • Symbols
This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.

Iraq Trivia

What is the Largest Ethnic Group in Iraq?

Arabs comprise the majority of Iraq's demography, while Kurds are the largest minority.

Largest Ethnic Groups In Iraq

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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