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Mozambique History Timeline

Mozambique's Information

Flag of Mozambique
Land Area 786,380 km2
Water Area 13,000 km2
Total Area 799,380km2 (#34)
Population 25,930,150 (#49)
Population Density 32.97/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $35.01 Billion
GDP Per Capita $1,200
Currency Meticail (MZN)
Largest Cities
200s - 1800s
  • (200s AD) Bantu-speaking tribes moved into the area from west-central Africa
  • (1000s) The Shona Empire was established between the Limpopo and Zambezi rivers
  • (1500s) Portuguese forts and trading posts were constructed along the coast
  • (1700s) Mozambique evolved into a major slave-trading post
  • (1842) Slave trading outlawed
  • (1895) The Battle of Marracuene occurred

  • (1932) Portugal broke up the trading companies and imposed a direct ruling over the colony
  • (1962) The Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) was formed and headed by Eduardo Mondlane
  • (1964) FRELIMO initiated a war of independence and gained control of much of northern Mozambique
  • (1974) A transitional government was established
  • (1975) Mozambique gained independence as a single-party system; Samora Machel was named president
  • (1976) The Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO) was formed by white Rhodesian officers
  • (1977 - 1992) A long and violent civil war occurred between opposition forces of RENAMO and the FRELIMO regime
  • (1986) President Machel was killed in an air crash; Joaquim Chissano named president
  • (1990) The government amended the constitution to allow for a multi-party system
  • (1994) President Chissano was re-elected

  • (2000) Rioting at RENAMO oppositional protests killed more than 40
  • (2001) Nearly 70,000 people were displaced after flooding in the Zambezi Valley
  • (2005) Armando Guebuza elected president
  • (2008) Thousands displaced due to flooding along the Zambezi valley
  • (2009) President Guebuza was re-elected
  • (2013) RENAMO threatened to pull out of the 1992 peace deal
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

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