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Mozambique History Timeline

Mozambique's Information

Flag of Mozambique
Land Area 786,380 km2
Water Area 13,000 km2
Total Area 799,380km2 (#34)
Population 25,930,150 (#49)
Population Density 32.97/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $35.01 Billion
GDP Per Capita $1,200
Currency Meticail (MZN)
Largest Cities
200s - 1800s
  • (200s AD) Bantu-speaking tribes moved into the area from west-central Africa
  • (1000s) The Shona Empire was established between the Limpopo and Zambezi rivers
  • (1500s) Portuguese forts and trading posts were constructed along the coast
  • (1700s) Mozambique evolved into a major slave-trading post
  • (1842) Slave trading outlawed
  • (1895) The Battle of Marracuene occurred

  • (1932) Portugal broke up the trading companies and imposed a direct ruling over the colony
  • (1962) The Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) was formed and headed by Eduardo Mondlane
  • (1964) FRELIMO initiated a war of independence and gained control of much of northern Mozambique
  • (1974) A transitional government was established
  • (1975) Mozambique gained independence as a single-party system; Samora Machel was named president
  • (1976) The Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO) was formed by white Rhodesian officers
  • (1977 - 1992) A long and violent civil war occurred between opposition forces of RENAMO and the FRELIMO regime
  • (1986) President Machel was killed in an air crash; Joaquim Chissano named president
  • (1990) The government amended the constitution to allow for a multi-party system
  • (1994) President Chissano was re-elected

  • (2000) Rioting at RENAMO oppositional protests killed more than 40
  • (2001) Nearly 70,000 people were displaced after flooding in the Zambezi Valley
  • (2005) Armando Guebuza elected president
  • (2008) Thousands displaced due to flooding along the Zambezi valley
  • (2009) President Guebuza was re-elected
  • (2013) RENAMO threatened to pull out of the 1992 peace deal
This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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