One of the smallest countries in Africa, Eswatini (previously known in English as Swaziland) occupies an area of only 17,364 sq. km. Despite its small size, Eswatini features a variety of landscapes. On the physical map above you see the Lubombo Mountain ridge runs along the country's border with Mozambique in the northeast. It has an altitude of around 600 m. Three major rivers, Mbuluzi, Usutu, and Ngwavuma, cut the mountains here and flow downstream through deep canyons.
The map shows that along the western border of the country with South Africa, it is rough and rugged being located on the edge of an escarpment called the Drakensberg which is the eastern part of the Great Escarpment. The average altitude here is 1,200 m. Several rivers also cut through this region forming deep gorges. The capital city of Eswatini, Mbabane is located in this Highveld region.
The Highveld region of Eswatini gives way to the Middleveld which has an average elevation of 700 m above sea level. It is the country's most densely populated region. As you can see from the map, Manzini, the commercial and industrial hub of the country, is located in this region.
Finally, the lowest part of Eswatini, the Lowveld has an average elevation of 250 m. It is populated by grasslands and thorn trees with low human population density. Due to high prevalence of malaria in the region in the early days, the development of Eswatini's Lowvelg staggered behind the rest of the country.
Eswatini also has several protected areas like the Hlane National Park, Mlawula Nature Reserve, Mlilwane Wildlife Sanctuary, and others that protect the country's rich biodiversity. The Hlane National Park is the country's largest protected area and is located around 67 km northeast of Manzini.
Being a small nation, Eswatini is divided into just four major administrative divisions called regions. These are Hhohho, Lubombo, Manzini, and Shiselweni. With an area of 5,849.11 sq. km, Lubombo is the largest region by area while Manzini is the most populous one. These regions are further subdivided into 55 tinkhundla which are then divided into smaller units called imiphakatsi. Each tinkhundla sends a representative to the House of Assembly of Eswatini. Mbabane is the capital city of the country.
The Kingdom of Eswatini is a landlocked Southern African nation. It is located in the Eastern and Southern Hemisphere regions of the Earth. It is bordered by two countries. South Africa bounds it to the north, west, and south while it shares an international border with Mozambique to the northeast.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Kingdom of Eswatini|
|Capital City||Mbabane (administrative capital); Lobamba (royal and legislative capital)|
|26 19 S, 31 08 E|
|Total Area||17,364.00 km2|
|Land Area||17,204.00 km2|
|Water Area||160.00 km2|
|GDP Per Capita||$3,837.03|
This page was last updated on February 25, 2021