|Land Area||1,246,700 km2|
|Total Area||1,246,700km2 (#22)|
|Government Type||Presidential Republic|
|GDP (PPP)||$189.00 Billion|
|GDP Per Capita||$6,800|
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For many centuries before European incursions, Bantu tribes inhabited the geographical area now called Angola.
It took many centuries for the Bantu people to establish themselves, and along the way numerous tribes emerged. One of the first was the Kingdom of Kongo, who arrived in the 13th century. Their wealth derived mainly from agriculture and trade, and power lay in the hands of the Mani aristocrats.
The Portuguese began arriving in the late 1400s bringing firearms, many advances in technology, and Christianity. Close relations between the two were quickly established, and in return, the King of Kongo offered plenty of slaves, ivory, and minerals for Portugal.
The Portuguese explorer Paulo Dias de Novais founded Luanda in 1575, with a hundred families of settlers and four hundred soldiers. Subsequently the Portuguese established several settlements and trading posts along the coast.
In the late 16th century the slave trade flourished here, and reportedly it was responsible for the exportation of over three million native Africans (against their will) to the Portuguese colony of Brazil.
By the 19th century Angola became a colony of Portugal and a major exporter bananas and coffee. However, the desire for independence grew stronger and stronger, and in response the Portuguese provoked an armed conflict in 1961.
After nearly 15 years of warfare, Angola achieved independence in 1975.
The new country should have flourished as it contained a massive diamond and oil reserve (worth billions), however instead, a 27-year civil war followed. Nearly 1.5 million Angolans died, and 4 million were displaced as a result.
On the positive side, and because of oil, Angola's economy has grown since the conflict ended in 2002, but it still faces huge social and economic problems. In fact, most Angolans are still trapped in poverty.
Most of the mentioned oil reserves are found in the enclave of Cabinda, and according to an American foundation, oil production from Angola has increased so significantly that Angola now is China's biggest supplier of oil.
Where is Angola?
Angola is a country located in Southern Africa. The country was a former Portuguese colony but gained self-rule in 1975. After years of civil war, Angola is slowly emerging as a major economic powerhouse in Africa, and has one of the fastest growing economies in the world.
Fun Facts about Angola
What Languages are Spoken in Angola?
Angola is a Southern African nation with a single official language and several national languages. Portuguese, introduced during the colonial era in the country, is spoken widely in the country. It is the official and most spoken language of Angola. Kikongo, Umbundu, and Kimbundu are the most popular indigenous languages of the country.
What Languages Are Spoken In Angola?
What Kind of Government Does Angola Have?
Angola is a presidential republic, whereby the President of Angola is both head of state and head of government.
What Type Of Government Does Angola Have?
What is the Leading Cause of Death in Angola?
Diarrheal disease is the leading cause of death in Angola, responsible for a total of 12.5% of deaths.
Leading Causes Of Death In Angola
What is the Largest Ethnic Group in Angola?
More than one-third of Angolans are Ovimbundu, while around one-fourth are Ambundu. The Bakongo people comprise the third largest Angolan ethnic group.
Largest Ethnic Groups In Angola
What Kind of Plants Live in Angola?
Some of the plants that live in Angola include the Angolan aframmi, the Newton's groundsel, and the Namib sprokies word succulent trees.