Slovakia Geography


Heavily-forested, the rugged Ore Mountains dominate the central regions of Slovakia, while the Carpathian Mountains cover its northern borders with the Czech Republic and Poland.

The tallest peaks are in the Tatra Mountains. The highest point is Gerlach Peak, rising to 8,743 ft. (2,665m)

The mountains slope into the fertile lowlands of the Danube River plain as well as to its southeastern border with the Ukraine.

Significant rivers include the Danube, Morava, Hron, Hornad and Vah. The Hron, is a 298 km long tributary of the Danube and the second longest river in Slovakia. Its basin covers approximately 11% of Slovakia's territory.

The lowest point of Slovakia lies near a place where the Bodrog River crosses the border with Hungary, at 308 ft (94m) above sea level.

Slovakia is rich in small natural lakes, as well as reservoirs that were built in order to store water to prevent flooding or to generate electricity.

And Slovakia is the only European country outside of Scandinavia to have a geyser. Located near Kosice, the geyser shoots 1,056 gallons of water 98 feet into the air for 20 minutes once every 32-34 hours.

Geography Slovakia
Location: Central Europe, south of Poland

Geographic coordinates:

48 40 N, 19 30 E

Map references:



total: 48,845 sq km
land: 48,800 sq km
water: 45 sq km

Area - comparative:

about twice the size of New Hampshire

Land boundaries:

total: 1,524 km
border countries: Austria 91 km, Czech Republic 215 km, Hungary 677 km, Poland 444 km, Ukraine 97 km


0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims:

none (landlocked)


temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters


rugged mountains in the central and northern part and lowlands in the south

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Bodrok River 94 m
highest point: Gerlachovsky Stit 2,655 m

Natural resources:

brown coal and lignite; small amounts of iron ore, copper and manganese ore; salt; arable land

Land use:

arable land: 30.16%
permanent crops: 2.62%
other: 67.22% (2001)

Irrigated land:

1,740 sq km (1998 est.)

Natural hazards:


Environment - current issues:

air pollution from metallurgical plants presents human health risks; acid rain damaging forests

Environment - international agreements:

party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:

landlocked; most of the country is rugged and mountainous; the Tatra Mountains in the north are interspersed with many scenic lakes and valleys

Note: The information tabled directly above was researched by and provided by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency

map of Slovakia

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tatra mountains

The Tatra Mountains overlook Smrecany, Slovakia

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