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Where is Switzerland?

map showing the location of Switzerland

Located in the continent of Europe, Switzerland covers 39,997 square kilometers of land and 1,280 square kilometers of water, making it the 137th largest nation in the world with a total area of 41,277 square kilometers.

Switzerland was founded as a distinct and original nation in 1291. The population of Switzerland is 7,655,628 (2012) and the nation has a density of 191 people per square kilometer.

The currency of Switzerland is the WIR Euro (CHE). As well, the people of Switzerland are refered to as Swiss.

The dialing code for the country is 41 and the top level internet domain for Swiss sites is .ch.

Switzerland shares land borders with 5 countries: Liechtenstein, Germany, Austria, Italy, France.

To learn more, visit our detailed Switzerland section.

Quick facts

Population 7,655,628
Density 191.4 / km2 ( 495.7 / mi2 )
Languages German, French, Italian, Romansh
Independence Year 1291
Capital Bern (Bern)
Currency WIR Euro
GDP 685,000,000,000 (2013 data)
GDP per Capita 89,477 (2013 data)
Land Area 39,997 km2 (15,443 mi2)
Water Area 1,280 km2 (494 mi2)
Neighbouring Countries Italy, Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein
Minimum Longitude 5.970
Maximum Longitude 10.490
Mininum Latitude 45.820
Maximum Latitude 47.800

What is the capital of Switzerland?

map showing the location of Switzerland
Location of Bern on a map.

Bern is the capital city of Switzerland. It has a population of 121,631, and is located on a latitue of 46.95 and longitude of 7.45.

Bern is also the political center of Switzerland, which is considered a Directorial Republic, and home to its Executive (Council) head of state.

Quick Facts About Bern, the Capital Of Switzerland

City Bern
Country Switzerland
Population 121,631
Longitude 7.44744000
Latitude 46.94809000
Elevation 549 meters over sea level

Most popular cities in Switzerland

Rank City Population
#7Sankt Gallen70,572
#9Zuerich Kreis54,260

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This page was last updated on October 2, 2015.