Situated in the New England region of the United States, Connecticut is one of the states in the U.S. It is located in the northeastern end of the country and is bordered by Rhode Island, Massachusetts and the New York States. The state has a shoreline on the southern border along the Long Island Sound. Connecticut has a total land area of 14,357 square kilometers. The capital city is in Hartford and the most populous city is Bridgeport. Connecticut is famous for the official submarine museum of the United States Navy, Yale University Art Gallery, Peabody Museum, Mystic Seaport Museum, and the Mark Twain house and museum. Connecticut gained statehood on January 9, 1788.
History of How Connecticut Became a State
The first explorers of Connecticut were the Dutch who also pioneered a trade center and a small settlement at a place known as Fort Hoop. The Dutch visited Connecticut in 1614 led by Adriaen Block. However, the first settlers in the land were the English Puritans who inhabited the place from 1633. The Puritans came from Massachusetts under the leadership of Reverend Thomas Hooker. Later on, Reverend Samuel Stone and Reverend Hooker led a group of people away from the other settlers (who started Saybrook and New Haven colonies) to begin the town of Hartford. The town was named Hartford after the birth town of Reverend Stone which was Hertford, in England. Reverend Hooker became the “Father of Connecticut” due to its contribution to the founding of both the Hartford town and the Connecticut State. Connecticut’s nickname is “The Constitution State.” The reason for this is that it was the first state in the US and the world to have drafted a constitution that addressed its government as propagating the will of the people or democracy as it is known today. The said constitution was the first of its kind and was written in 1639. It was famously referred to as the “Fundamental Orders.”
In the 17th century, the residents of Connecticut were predominantly farmers and traders. However, as the land started becoming scarce, the people resorted to manufacturing. As a result, it spearheaded the Industrial Revolution because of its advanced machinery. During the American Revolution, the inhabitants of Connecticut offered their lives as well as supplies to support America’s fight for independence. The state was a leading manufacturer of guns and other military equipment. Unlike many other states, Connecticut has had to run its affairs in two different capitals. Between 1703 and 1875, the area had two capitals namely New Haven and Hartford. Afterward, the capital became Hartford.
Economy of Connecticut
The GDP of Connecticut is $264.51 billion. The state ranks among the US states with high personal income per capita with very low unemployment rates. The economic drivers of Connecticut are the service industry, the agriculture industry, and the manufacturing industry.
Thus, Connecticut State was founded in 1788 and was among the strong supporters of the American Revolution.