The Danube River is Europe’s second longest river after the great Volga River in Russia and covers a distance of about 1,777 miles. The great river flows through ten countries of Central and Eastern Europe that include Germany, Slovakia, Austria, Hungary, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Croatia, and Moldova. The Danube River has an extensive basin that covers an area of 309,447 square miles.
Sources Of The Danube River
The Danube River has its source at the confluence of two major rivers the Brigach and the Breg which are located near Donaueschingen. Of the two rivers, the Breg is the largest and originates from Furtwangen. The Brigach River has its source tied to the Donabauch spring. The Brigach flows for about a mile before joining up with the Breg to form the Danube. The Breg, on the other hand, rises from the highlands of Germany where the Bregtal spring is believed to be the source. As is the case with most big rivers everywhere there has been a lot of contention as to the true source of the Danube, for a while it had been believed to be the small German district of Allmendshofen. At one point the source was believed to be from St. Georgen. Another claim was later made by a Swiss scientist, Schleuchzer that the source of the Danube was the Inn River.
Tributaries Of The Danube River
Besides the main two rivers, Brigach and Breg other significant rivers from across Europe feed into the Danube adding to its volume of water, and they include the Inn River which starts in Switzerland weaving its way into Germany before draining into the Danube right on the German-Austrian border. The next tributary is the Drava River that originates from Northern Italy and passes through Austria, Slovenia, Hungary, and Croatia before flowing into the Danube. Tisza River comes up next originating from Ukraine passing through Romania, Hungary, and Yugoslavia covering a distance of 600 miles before joining up with the Danube. The Sava River is the fourth tributary that feeds into the Danube originating from the Bosnia-Herzegovina border before flowing through Yugoslavia covering a total distance of 580 miles. It has a basin area of 95,719 square miles. Next is the Morava River which has its source in the northern region of the Czech Republic and flows through Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, and Yugoslavia to join the Danube River.
Other Minor Tributaries
The Olt River is the fifth tributary originating from the springs of Romania and it covers a distance of 434 miles before joins up with the Danube River on the northern border of Bulgaria. The Olt has a basin area of about 24,300 square miles. The last major tributary of the Danube is the Prout and Siret River that starts from Ukraine. These two rivers flow parallel to each other along the border of Romania. Prout covers a distance of 574 miles with a basin area of 28,400 square miles while the Siret River covers a distance of about 466 miles with a basin area of 44,104 square miles.
Interesting Facts About The Danube RiverDanube River is the longest river in Europe that does not pass through Russia which is home to the Volga River. The Danube River drains its waters into the Black Sea. 30% of the Danube River is located in Hungary alone, and the river provides drinking water to more than 10 million people across 10 European countries. The river flows through the most beautiful cities in Europe like Vienna and Budapest making it the leading destination for cruising.
About the Author
Benjamin Elisha Sawe holds a Bachelor of Arts in Economics and Statistics and an MBA in Strategic Management. He is a frequent World Atlas contributor.
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