What Is the Capital of Ireland?

Dublin, Ireland.

Aside from being the capital city of Ireland, Dublin is the largest and most populous city in the country. Dublin is located in the province of Leinster on the east coast of the country. The city has an urban population of about 1.2 million and a metropolitan population of slightly less than 2 million. It is thought that the Celtic-speaking people established the city in the 7th AD before the Vikings established settlements and expanded the city. Dublin is an alpha city meaning that it is unrivaled in terms of size and economy by any other city in the country.

Geography and Climate

The city of Dublin is located at the delta of the River Liffey. It covers an area of about 44 square miles. A series of mountains border the city to the south while the north and western parts consist of flat farmlands. The Liffey River cuts across Dublin dividing the city into the southern and northern sides. The Tolka and Dodder Rivers, and the Royal and Grand Canals further subdivide the city. The city experiences a temperate oceanic climate just like the other parts of northwestern Europe. The winters are mild while the summers are cool without extreme temperatures. Despite receiving average rainfall, Dublin is the driest place in the country receiving half the rain experienced on the west coast.


The Dublin City Council administers the city of Dublin but the metropolitan area that consists of the city, South Dublin, Fingal, and Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown is governed as County Dublin. The greater metro area has a population of about 1.9 million people which is expected to rise to approximately 2.1 million by 2020. A significant number of immigrants, mainly from the European Union, China, India, and Brazil, choose to settle in Dublin than any other part of the country. The city's population is dominantly white (90%) with white Irish making up 78%. Asians make up 4% of the population while only 1% is black. Catholic is the dominant religion in the city.


Ireland is among the fastest growing cities in Europe, in 2017 the country attained a growth rate of 7.3%. The country's growth is replicated in the Dublin region which is the economic center of the nation. The city is known for brewing and distilling prowess, especially in the Guinness brand. Other traditional industries in the city include textile and food processing. Infrastructural development of the 1990s has attracted larger multinationals such as Facebook, Google, eBay, and Yahoo to the city. Dublin has attracted many technology companies such that it developed the Silicon Docks and Digital Hub. It is regarded among the "Tech Capitals of Europe." The city is also a financial hub with more than half of the 50 largest banks in the world having branches in the city.

Cost of Living

The cost of living in Dublin is significantly higher compared to the rest of the country. The city is ranked the 41st expensive city of the 500 largest cities in the world. The most economical way of affording rent is to live in an apartment which goes for about $1,300. Utilities, which include gas, electricity, and internet costs about $50 a month. Public transport is a bit higher and costs an average of $138 for a monthly pass. Food is not expensive if you are able to prepare it yourself. Vegetarians have an advantage when it comes to cost of food in Dublin.


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