Geography of Iran
Iran is found in the western part of the continent of Asia. The area of this country is approximately 1,648,195 square kilometers. Other names for this country are Persia and the Islamic Republic of Iran. It has a population of roughly 81 million and is the second in terms land area coverage in the Middle East. Republic of Azerbaijan and Armenia borders it from the northwest, the Caspian Sea from the north, Turkmenistan from the northeast, Pakistan and Afghanistan from the east, the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf from the south, and Iraq and Turkey from the west. The country is located in western Asia and central Eurasia, and its nearness to Strait of Hormuz makes it strategically positioned. The capital city of this country is Tehran, 35 degrees, 41 minutes north and 51 degrees, 25 minutes east, where major economic activities and other critical events take place. It is one of the members of Economic Cooperation Organization, which deals with the marketing of petroleum products.
Economy of Iran
The primary economic activity in Iran is mining and refining of crude oil. Iran contributes 5.1% of crude oil to the world’s market. This oil industry has dramatically boosted the economy of Iran. Apart from the oil industry, the gas industry has also played a crucial role in economy’s growth and development of Iran. Oil and gas industries dominate Iran’s economy by 60%. Tehran, the biggest city in Iran, has 45% of the total sectors. Iran mainly exports petroleum products and other products like petrochemicals and chemicals to India, Turkey, China and Japan while most of the imports are capital goods, intermediate goods, and technical services from United Arab Emirates, South Korea, Turkey, and China. It has higher purchasing power parity making it eighteenth in the world. The government of Iran gets revenue mostly from the export of oil and other petroleum products.
Climate of Iran
Iran experiences numeral types of weather at the course of the year depending on the regular seasons. Rains are experienced in the south and eastern parts of Iran while other parts experience arid conditions. Rain mainly falls during winter season around the Mediterranean while the summer season is very hot. The coast of the Caspian Sea is slightly colder with temperatures of five to seven degrees Celsius. Rainfall ranges between 800 to 1200 millimeters annually.
Government of Iran
The head of state in Iran government is The Supreme Leader who makes decisions concerning the country’s economy, education, environment and other vital issues in the country. The Supreme Leader directly appoints ministries of Intelligence, Defense, and Foreign Affairs. It is also the role of The Supreme Leader to appoint judiciary heads, police commander and military forces and half of the 12 members of Guardian Council. The President has the function to implement the constitution of the country. The Supreme Leader gives guidelines and procedures in the election of the President. The President has the power to appoint ministers and go through parliament to be approved.