The president of Colombia is the symbol of National Unity and serves to defend and protect the rights and liberties of every Colombian. He or she is the Chief Executive officer and commander in chief of the Military Forces of Colombia. He or she is sworn to protect the nation’s law and guide his country forward in a right and justice manner. For a presidential act to be legal and enforceable a ministry or department must sanction the act unless it is the appointment and demotion of ministers and authorities the president elected during his official term.
List of Colombia Presidents
Simon Bolivar, born on July 24, 1783, was the first president of Colombia, serving from 1819 to 1830. He was a Venezuelan military and political leader who helped in the establishment of Venezuela, Panama, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, and Bolivia. Born into a wealthy and aristocratic Creole family, Bolivar studied in Europe where he learned the ideas of Enlightenment philosophers from where he became ambitious to replace the Spanish rulers. From 1808, he started the Independent campaigns, and by 1821, his revolution helped Venezuela attain independence.
Mariano Ospina Perez
Mariano Ospina Perez, a Colombian politician, served as the 17th President of the Republic of Colombia from 1946 until 1950. Born in Medellin to a prominent Colombian family, Ospina started out as an engineer in the Mining School of Antioquia. During his travels, he took pleasure in learning courses on gold mining, sugarcane production, labor relations, economics, cooperatives, and railway system. Before becoming president, he served as the executive administrator of the National Federation of Coffee Growers. As president he led Colombia to a massive development where the country reached the highest level in coffee exports, raising the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
Alvaro Uribe Velez
Velez was the 31st president of Colombia, and was born in 1952 in Medellin, Colombia. Uribe Velez served as the Colombian President from 2002 until 2010. Uribe started out by earning a law degree from the University of Antioquia and later management and administration from Harvard University. In 1982 to 1984 he served as the mayor of Medellin and then consecutive terms as a national senator from 1986 to 1994, then governor of Antioquia from 1995 to 1997. Uribe came to power as president as an independent candidate adopting the campaign slogan “Firm hand. Big Heart.”
Juan Manuel Santos Calderon
Calderon is the 32nd president of Colombia, and was born on August 15, 1951 in Bogota, Colombia. He is the incumbent president of Colombia, serving his second term. Born from a politically influential family, he studied economics in the US and Colombia. After working as the El Tiempo editor which earned him many accolades, Santos entered Colombian politics as the minister of foreign aid in 1991. Two years later, he was appointed as a Presidential designee. When Uribe was barred from running for a 3rd term in office, Santos quit his position in the Uribe government to vie for the presidency.
An Ongoing Tradition at the Heart of Colombian Politics
Colombia and its presidential office has survived coup d'etats, forced governments, changing economies, shifting boundaries, and also constitutional changes of the republic itself. According to the Colombia Constitution of 1991, the elect president is eligible to serve a four-year term in office. As from the Legislative Act 2 of 2004, the maximum number of conventional terms is two, amounting to a period of eight years. In the absence of the incumbent president, the vice president assumes office.
Who Was the First President of Colombia?
The first president of Colombia was Simon Bolivar y Palacios, who was in office between 1819 and 1830.
The Presidents Of Colombia
|Presidents Of Colombia||Term(s) in Office|
|Simon Bolivar y Palacios||1819-1830|
|Joaquin de Mosquera y Arboleda||1,830|
|Rafael Urdaneta y Faria||1830-1831|
|Francisco de Paula Santander y Omana||1832-1837|
|Jose Ignacio de Marquez Barreto||1837-1841|
|Pedro Alcantara Herran Martinez||1841-1845|
|Tomas Cipriano de Mosquera y Arboleda||1845-1849; 1861-1864; 1866-1867|
|Jose Hilario Lopez Valdez||1849-1853|
|Jose Maria Obando del Campo||1853-1854|
|Jose Maria Melo y Ortiz||1,854|
|Mariano Ospina Rodriguez||1857-1861|
|Bartolome Calvo Diaz||1,861|
|Manuel Murillo Toro||1864-1866; 1872-1874|
|Santos Acosta Castillo||1867-1868|
|Santos Gutierrez Prieto||1868-1870|
|Eustorgio Salgar Moreno||1870-1872|
|Santiago Perez de Manosalbas||1874-1876|
|Aquileo Parra Gomez||1876-1878|
|Julian Trujillo Largacha||1878-1880|
|Rafael Nunez Moledo||1880-1882; 1884-1894|
|Francisco Javier Zaldua y Racines||1,882|
|Jose Eusebio Otalora Martinez||1882-1884|
|Miguel Antonio Caro Tobar||1894-1898|
|Manuel Antonio Sanclemente||1898-1900|
|Jose Manuel Marroquin Ricuarte||1900-1904|
|Rafael Reyes Prieto||1904-1909|
|Ramon Gonzales Valencia||1909-1910|
|Carlos Eugenio Restrepo||1910-1914|
|Jose Vicente Concha Ferreira||1914-1918|
|Marco Fidel Suarez||1918-1921|
|Jorge Holguin Mallarino||1921-1922|
|Pedro Nel Ospina Vazquez||1922-1926|
|Miguel Abadia Mendez||1926-1930|
|Enrique Olaya Herrera||1930-1934|
|Alfonso Lopez Pumarejo||1934-1938; 1942-1946|
|Eduardo Santos Montejo||1938-1942|
|Mariano Ospina Perez||1946-1950|
|Laureano Gomez Castro||1950-1953|
|Gustavo Rojas Pinilla||1953-1957|
|Alberto Lleras Camargo||1958-1962|
|Guillermo Leon Valencia Munoz||1962-1966|
|Carlos Lleras Restrepo||1966-1970|
|Misael Pastrana Borrero||1970-1974|
|Alfonso Lopez Michelsen||1974-1978|
|Julio Cesar Turbay Ayala||1978-1982|
|Belisario Betancur Cuartas||1982-1986|
|Virgilio Barco Vargas||1986-1990|
|Cesar Gaviria Trujillo||1990-1994|
|Ernesto Samper Pizano||1994-1998|
|Andres Pastrana Arango||1998-2002|
|Alvaro Uribe Velez||2002-2010|
|Juan Manuel Santos Calderon (Incumbent)||2010-2018|
|Ivan Duque Marquez||2018-|
About the Author
Benjamin Elisha Sawe holds a Bachelor of Arts in Economics and Statistics and an MBA in Strategic Management. He is a frequent World Atlas contributor.
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