The American President is the head of state who is elected for a 4-year term through the Electoral College. The officeholder is the commander-in-chief of the U.S. Armed Forces and the leader of the executive branch of the federal government. Since the office of the president was formed in 1789, forty-five men have served as the American president. Eight American presidents have died in office, beginning with the death of William Henry Harrison. His death and the subsequent question of his succession caused a brief constitutional crisis.
William Henry Harrison
William Henry Harrison was an American politician and military officer who became the ninth US president in 1841. Harrison died of paratyphoid or typhoid fever thirty-one days into his first term on April 4, 1841, resulting in the shortest term served by any US president. Harrison's death raised questions about the role of the vice-president in regards to succession to the presidency which were left unclear in the Constitution. Vice President John Tyler set an important precedent when he assumed office as the 10th president on April 4th, 1841. Harrison was the paternal grandfather of the twenty-third American president Benjamin Harrison.
Zachary Taylor was the 12th American president who served from 1849 until July 9, 1850, when he died. Taylor is believed to have consumed a lot of cherries, green apples, cold milk, and ice water on July 4, 1850, and became ill the same evening. Taylor died five days later, and the cause of his death is listed as either bilious cholera or bilious diarrhea.
John Booth killed President Lincoln on April 14, 1865. Lincoln was the first US president to be assassinated. His assassination took place five days after General Robert Lee of Northern Virginia army surrendered to the Potomac army and General Grant Ulysses. Abraham was shot at Ford’s theatre while enjoying a play known as "Our American Cousin."
James A. Garfield
James Garfield’s assassination took place in Washington DC, less than four months after he started his first term as the 20th American president. He died on September 19, 1881. Charles Guiteau shot him at 9.30 am on July 2, 1881.
Leon Czolgosz shot President William McKinley on September 6, 1901. McKinley had just won his second term and was reluctant to accept the presidential security even when in public. McKinley died eight days after being shot from gangrene caused by the wounds. Czolgosz was an anarchist who had lost his job during the 1893 economic panic.
Warren G. Harding
Warren Harding was the 29th American president who died from a heart attack on August 2, 1923, in his hotel suite. Warren’s sudden demise led to numerous theories with people claiming that he had committed suicide or was poisoned. According to his physician, all the symptoms which the president had some few days before he died showed that he was suffering from congestive heart failure.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt served as the 32nd President and was elected an unprecedented four times. Roosevelt complained of a terrible pain at the back of his head before slumping forward on his chair on the afternoon of April 12, 1945. He was carried to his room, and he died at 3:35 pm on the same day. Dr. Bruenn diagnosed him with cerebral hemorrhage.
John F. Kennedy
Lee Harvey shot President Kennedy at 12:30 pm on November 22, 1963, while he was on his presidential motorcade with First Lady Jacqueline Lee Onassis, governor Connally, and Idanell Connally. After ten years of investigation, the Warren Commission concluded that Harvey acted alone. The commission also said that Ruby Jack, who killed Lee Harvey while in police custody worked alone.