Geopark is a region with an expressed geoheritage and an economically sustainable development strategy which benefits the locals. Geoparks use the geological heritage to promote awareness of numerous issues affecting the society. Majority of them promote the awareness of geological hazards like earthquakes and prepare mitigation strategies in case of such an occurrence.The Global Geoparks Network is an organization which UNESCO established in 2004. The network seeks to conserve and promotes the global geological heritage.
Central European Countries with the Most Geoparks
Germany has six out of the sixteen geoparks in Central Europe, and this includes Muskau Arch Geopark which stretches from western Poland to Dresden and Cottbus in Germany. Muskau lies on a triangle created by Zielona Gora, Dresden and Berlin. UNESCO designated Muskau Arch Geopark in 2004. It is the most scenic moraines in Central Europe, and its unique horseshoe shape was created 340,000 years ago during the oldest of the three Ice Ages in Europe when Muskauer glacier advanced from the ice which occupied over half of the continent at that time. The park has over 80,000 inhabitants in the three districts which have over nineteen municipalities and towns.
Swabian Albs Geopark has the highest number of caves in Germany. Geopark Swabian Albs is in Baden-Wurttemberg which is 25 miles from Stuttgart. It is the middle part of the Jurassic chain of islands right between Franconian Jura and Franconian Swiss. The park is a Karst-foothill with the highest density of caves which includes forty accessible caves and twelve visitors’ caves. The Karst landscape has numerous geosites including springs, fossil reefs and dolines among others.
Austria is a highly mountainous state located on the Alps; in fact parts of the Southern Limestone Alps, the Northern Limestone Alps, and Central Limestone Alps are in this nation. Austria has four of the sixteen Geoparks in central Europe including the Carnic Alps. Carnic Alps Geopark is on the southern parts of the country right near the Austria-Italy border. The geopark includes Gailtal Alps and the Carnic Alps. The Carnic Alps is one of the few areas on earth which preserves a continuous sequence of Ordovician to Permian age. It occupies about 340sq miles on each side of Gail Valley. The Ore of Alps Geopark is 3.1miles to the south of Salzburg, and it occupies an area of about 81sq miles.
Slovenia has two out of the sixteen geoparks in central Europe which includes Idrija Geopark. Idrija Geopark is on the western parts of Slovenia in Idrija municipality. Idrija has the second biggest mercury on earth, and the area where the geopark is located has a diversified morphology which features narrow and deep gorges and valleys. It occupies an area of about 114sq miles. UNESCO recognized Idrija and Almaden as part of global heritage due to their high mercury heritage.
Other Geoparks in Central Europe
Central Europe has sixteen geoparks, and a majority of them are in Germany. The Czech Republic has only one geopark known as Bohemian Paradise which is in about 87 miles to the northeastern side of Prague. Bakony-Balaton Global Geopark is in the middle of the Hungarian Transdanubia, where it is surrounded by some young folded mountainous ranges. Novohrad-Nograd Geopark is the first global transnational geopark which is on the Slovakia-Hungary border. Novohrad-Nograd Geopark occupies an area of about 613sq miles and is in Pannonian Basin.
Geoparks of Central Europe
|1||Nature and Geopark Styrian Eisenwurzen||Austria|
|2||Carnic Alps Geopark||Austria|
|3||Ore of the Alps Global Geopark||Austria|
|5||Bohemian Paradise Geopark||Czech Republic|
|6||Geopark Bergstrasse - Odenwald||Germany|
|7||Geopark Harz Braunschweiger Land Ostfalen||Germany|
|8||Geopark Swabian Albs||Germany|
|9||Nature park Terra Vita||Germany|
|11||Muskau Arch Geopark||Germany/Poland|
|12||Bakony-Balaton Global Geopark||Hungary|
|14||Hateg Country Dinosaur Geopark||Romania|