Wine grapes are famous all over the world because of the products derived from them. Whether a nation plants wine grapes or not, the demand for it or its product will always be high. Wine made from wine grape is highly valued in some communities. Dinner can never be complete without a glass of wine neither will social gatherings be successful without it. There are many different types of wine grapes including Cabernet Sauvignon, Bordeaux blend, Pinot Noir, Sangiovese, Riesling, Pinot Grigio, Nebbiolo and Chardonnay among other varieties. Wine grapes are commonly planted in Europe, America and some countries in the East. Some of the countries with the most wine grape vineyards include;
Spain has the biggest wine grape vineyard in the world. Spain has a varied microclimate around the country that is suitable for growing variety of grapes. The country has a broad range of enormous distinct vineyards where wine grapes are planted. The country has over 400 varieties of wine grapes planted across the Spanish wine region. Some of the common types include Albarino, palomino, airen, Garnacha and Tempranillo. Spain has over 11800 square kilometers of land dedicated to the planting of wine grapes. Wine is planted in the towns of Ribera Del Duero, Jerez de la Frontera, Penedes, La Rioja and Galicia. However, despite vast vineyards, Spain is the third producer of wine in the world due to the low yield. Despite the healthy climate, most wine grapes are planted on infertile soil further lowering the yield. Spaniards are ranked ninth in wine consumption with an average consumption of 21.6 liters per person per year
France is the largest wine grape producer in the world. Wine vineyards are spread across the country, but the major wine grape vineyards are in Alsace, Bordeaux, and Medoc. A total of 8600 square kilometers of land is under wine grape vineyards. France is the source of the majority of wine grapes including Cabernet sauvignon, pinot noir, and syrah. France produces five types of wine from its grapes; sparkling, white, rose, fortified, and red wine. French wine is exported around the world. Producers of French wine and farmers of wine grapes have benefited from the rising prices and the increasing demand for the wine varieties both locally and internationally.
Wine grape vineyards provide a beautiful scenic view across Italy. Italy is the second highest producer of wine grapes in the world after France. Italy has most of the wine grapes vineyards planted in 20 regions including Sicily, Calabria, Sardinia, Veneto, Liguria, Lombardia, Molise, and Lazio among other areas. Italy has a wine grape vineyards covering a total are of 8300 square kilometers. There are over 350 varieties of wine grapes planted in Italy divided into two categories; Bianco or white and Rosso or red wine grape varieties. Italy produces 45-50 million liters of wine per year representing 50% of the world’s production. Italy’s wine is exported worldwide.
Other countries with large vineyards of wine grapes include Turkey 8100 square kilometers, US 4200, Iran 2900, Romania 2500, Portugal 2200 and Argentina 2100. These countries are also some of the major wine exporters in the world