World Facts

Countries That Start With The Letter H

There are 3 countries that start with the letter H.

Haiti, Honduras, and Hungary have their name beginning with the letter “H”. Haiti and Honduras are located in the west near America while Hungary is in Europe. The three countries have several similarities besides the letter “H” at the beginning of their names. The three countries are generally mountainous with big rivers and magnificent valley. They have also undergone periods of war. The three “H” countries have a democratic parliamentary system of governance with a president as the head. They have also emphasized on national symbols that unites them. Nevertheless, Haiti and Honduras have high poverty levels whereas Hungary is a developed economy.

3. Haiti

#3 Haiti

Haiti is located in the Caribbean region. It derived its name from the tall mountain topology. Haiti is generally a mountainous country with several rivers. It has a long coastal strip with a few islands. Haiti occupies an area of 10,714 square miles. The country receives a high amount of rainfall, leading to soil erosion. According to 2016 headcount, there are 10.8 million Haitians. The two major languages spoken in the country are French and Haitian Creole with the main religions being Catholics and Protestant.

Haiti gained independence from France in 1804. The president and the prime minister are the heads of state and government respectively. The three branches of government include the executive, judiciary, and legislative. The constitution of Haiti was commissioned in March 1987. The political instability in the country has led to underdevelopment, corruption, and poor living standards. The economy of Haiti has dwarfed over the years due to political turmoil and natural disasters such as earthquakes, making Haiti one of the countries with the lowest GDPs in the world. It relies on external borrowing and relief aid. In international trade, Haiti buys more than it sells, leading to a deficit of approximately 3 billion US dollars. The currency in Haiti is Gourde. The availability of energy is also low and the tourism sector is not fully exploited.

2. Honduras

#2 Honduras

Honduras is located in Central America, bordering Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and the Gulf of Fonseca. It occupies an area of approximately 43,433 square miles and the capital city is called Tegucigalpa. The term “Honduras” literally translates to “depth.” Honduras is characterized by mountains and valleys with varying temperatures. The northern part of the country is comparatively cooler and more humid than the south. The country is a home to a variety of flora and fauna with several rainforests, mangroves in the coastal strip, and majestic savannas. The coastal Bay Island is home to dolphins and whales. Mining of metal is rampant. According to the 2016 census, the population of Honduras is approximately 9 million. Mestizo speakers form the majority with the Spanish as the national language. Christianity is the mainstream religion.

Honduras gained its independence from Spain in 1821. The politics of Honduras takes place in the context of a presidential system with Juan Orlando Hernandez as the current president deputized by Ricardo Alvarez Arias. The three branches of government, the legislature, executive, and judiciary branches, operate independently. The legislature, known as the National Congress, is elected every four years. The country’s national symbols include the flag, national anthem, and the court of arms.The economy of Honduras is unstable, characterized by unemployment levels of up to 27% according to 2016. About 66% of the population lives below the poverty line. The capitalist economy has led to the rise of a few very wealthy people. Over-dependence on foreign aid has led to huge debts due to an unhealthy balance of trade. Infrastructure development is slow while energy is very expensive because it is owned by private companies.

1. Hungary

#1 Hungary

Ancient Hungary was set in 895, consisting of nomads with a well-organized army. The Ottoman defeated Hungary and ruled it for over 150 years. The 18th century and early 19th century saw great civilization and reforms, especially after the Napoleon war. The first and second world wars negatively impacted the country. Between 1945 and 1989, the Soviets were in charge of the country. Hungary joined the EU in 2004 as a free state.The topography of Hungary is characterized by mountains and vast valleys. The country has two main rivers namely River Danube and the Tisza and is home to the largest lake in Central Europe called Lake Balaton. The population of Hungary is slightly over 9.9 million people. The majority of the people are Christians and the official language is Hungarian.

The politics of Hungary take place in the context of a parliamentary system. The current president is Janos Ader while the prime minister is named Viktor Orban. A multiparty system is practiced. Hungary has a well-trained and highly equipped military unit. National symbols include the flag and coat of arms. The economy of Hungary is well developed, making the country attractive to investors. It has a healthy balance of trade. Some of the country’s major industries include electronics and motor vehicles.

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