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Maps of Guatemala

Physical Map of Guatemala showing terrain, major mountain ranges, highest point, rivers, Lake Izabal, the Peten region, important cities, international borders, etc.

A Central American country, Guatemala covers an area of 108,889 sq. km (42,042 sq mi). As observed on the physical map of Guatemala, the country is largely mountainous with rolling hills, plateaus, deep river valleys, and numerous volcanoes. Some of the volcanoes are active. 

Major regions include the Central Highlands that separate the Cuchumatanes Mountains of the northwest from the volcanic ranges of the Sierra Madre Mountains of the south and east.

The highest point in the country is the 4,220 m or 13,845 ft high Tajumulco Volcano. The lowest point is the Pacific Ocean at 0 m.

Peten, a limestone plateau covered by grasslands and tropical rainforest blankets most of the northern third of the country.

Atlantic Lowlands that front the swampy edges of the Gulf of Honduras, and the grassy farmland, volcanic sand beaches and rivers of the Pacific Lowlands. 

Guatemala is drained by numerous rivers; the Motagua, the country's longest river, rises in the Central Highlands and flows to the Caribbean Sea. Lake Izabal is the most significant lake.

Departments of Guatemala Map

Political Map of Guatemala showing its 22 departments and the capital Guatemala City

Guatemala (officially, the Republic of Guatemala) is divided into 22 departments (departamentos, sing. departamento). In alphabetical order, the departments are: Alta Verapaz, Baja Verapaz, Chimaltenango, Chiquimula, El Progreso, Escuintla, Guatemala, Huehuetenango, Izabal, Jalapa, Jutiapa, Peten, Quetzaltenango, Quiche, Retalhuleu, Sacatepequez, San Marcos, Santa Rosa, Solola, Suchitepequez, Totonicapan and Zacapa. These departments are further subdivided into 340 municipalities.

Located in the south-central region of the country, in Valle de la Ermita of the Central Highlands is Guatemala City (Nueva Guatemala de la Asuncion) – the capital, the largest and the most populous city of Guatemala. It is also the administrative, cultural and economic center of the country. Guatemala City is the largest city in Central America and also Central America’s most highly populated urban area.

Where is Guatemala?

Map showing location of Guatemala in the world.

Guatemala is a country located in Central America. It is positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. It is bordered by Mexico to the north and west; by Belize and the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) to the northeast; by Honduras to the east; by El Salvador to the southeast and by the Pacific Ocean to the south.

Guatemala Bordering Countries: Mexico, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador.

Regional Maps: Map of North America

Outline Map of Guatemala

Blank Outline Map of Guatemala

The above blank map represents the Republic of Guatemala, a Central American nation. The above map can be downloaded, printed and used for educational purposes. 

Outline Map of Guatemala

The above outline map represents Guatemala, a mountainous country in Central America.

Key Facts

Legal Name Republic of Guatemala
Capital City Guatemala City
14 37 N, 90 31 W
Independence 15 September 1821 (from Spain)


Total Area 108,889.00 km2
Land Area 107,159.00 km2
Water Area 1,730.00 km2
Total Border 1,667.0 km
Coastline 400.0 km
Bordering Countries Belize 266 km, El Salvador 199 km, Honduras 244 km, Mexico 958 km
Climate Tropical; hot, humid in lowlands; cooler in highlands
Coordinates 15 30 N, 90 15 W
Mean Elevation 759 m
Lowest Elevation 0 m
Pacific Ocean
Highest Elevation 4,220 m
Volcan Tajumulco (highest point in Central America)


Population 16,604,026
Largest City

Ciudad de Guatemala (Guatemala City) (2,934,841)

Ethnic Groups mestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish - in local Spanish called Ladino) 56%, Maya 41.7%, Xinca (indigenous, non-Maya) 1.8%, African descent .2%, Garifuna (mixed West and Central African, Island Carib, and Arawak) .1%, foreign .2% (2018 est.)
Languages Spanish (official) 69.9%, Maya languages 29.7% (Q'eqchi' 8.3%, K'iche 7.8%, Mam 4.4%, Kaqchikel 3%, Q'anjob'al 1.2%, Poqomchi' 1%, other 4%), other 0.4% (includes Xinca and Garifuna) (2018 est.)
Religions Roman Catholic, Protestant, indigenous Maya


Currency quetzales (GTQ)
GDP $76.71 Billion
GDP Per Capita $4,619.99
Exports Sugar, coffee, petroleum, apparel, bananas, fruits and vegetables, cardamom, manufacturing products, precious stones and metals, electricity

This page was last updated on November 11, 2020

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