A Central American country, Guatemala covers an area of 108,889 sq. km (42,042 sq mi). As observed on the physical map of Guatemala, the country is largely mountainous with rolling hills, plateaus, deep river valleys, and numerous volcanoes. Some of the volcanoes are active.
Major regions include the Central Highlands that separate the Cuchumatanes Mountains of the northwest from the volcanic ranges of the Sierra Madre Mountains of the south and east.
The highest point in the country is the 4,220 m or 13,845 ft high Tajumulco Volcano. The lowest point is the Pacific Ocean at 0 m.
Peten, a limestone plateau covered by grasslands and tropical rainforest blankets most of the northern third of the country.
Atlantic Lowlands that front the swampy edges of the Gulf of Honduras, and the grassy farmland, volcanic sand beaches and rivers of the Pacific Lowlands.
Guatemala is drained by numerous rivers; the Motagua, the country's longest river, rises in the Central Highlands and flows to the Caribbean Sea. Lake Izabal is the most significant lake.
Guatemala (officially, the Republic of Guatemala) is divided into 22 departments (departamentos, sing. departamento). In alphabetical order, the departments are: Alta Verapaz, Baja Verapaz, Chimaltenango, Chiquimula, El Progreso, Escuintla, Guatemala, Huehuetenango, Izabal, Jalapa, Jutiapa, Peten, Quetzaltenango, Quiche, Retalhuleu, Sacatepequez, San Marcos, Santa Rosa, Solola, Suchitepequez, Totonicapan and Zacapa. These departments are further subdivided into 340 municipalities.
Located in the south-central region of the country, in Valle de la Ermita of the Central Highlands is Guatemala City (Nueva Guatemala de la Asuncion) – the capital, the largest and the most populous city of Guatemala. It is also the administrative, cultural and economic center of the country. Guatemala City is the largest city in Central America and also Central America’s most highly populated urban area.
Guatemala is a country located in Central America. It is positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. It is bordered by Mexico to the north and west; by Belize and the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) to the northeast; by Honduras to the east; by El Salvador to the southeast and by the Pacific Ocean to the south.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||Republic of Guatemala|
|Capital City||Guatemala City|
|14 37 N, 90 31 W|
|Independence||15 September 1821 (from Spain)|
|Total Area||108,889.00 km2|
|Land Area||107,159.00 km2|
|Water Area||1,730.00 km2|
|Total Border||1,667.0 km|
|Bordering Countries||Belize 266 km, El Salvador 199 km, Honduras 244 km, Mexico 958 km|
|Climate||Tropical; hot, humid in lowlands; cooler in highlands|
|Coordinates||15 30 N, 90 15 W|
|Mean Elevation||759 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||4,220 m|
|Volcan Tajumulco (highest point in Central America)|
Ciudad de Guatemala (Guatemala City) (2,934,841)
|Ethnic Groups||mestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish - in local Spanish called Ladino) 56%, Maya 41.7%, Xinca (indigenous, non-Maya) 1.8%, African descent .2%, Garifuna (mixed West and Central African, Island Carib, and Arawak) .1%, foreign .2% (2018 est.)|
|Languages||Spanish (official) 69.9%, Maya languages 29.7% (Q'eqchi' 8.3%, K'iche 7.8%, Mam 4.4%, Kaqchikel 3%, Q'anjob'al 1.2%, Poqomchi' 1%, other 4%), other 0.4% (includes Xinca and Garifuna) (2018 est.)|
|Religions||Roman Catholic, Protestant, indigenous Maya|
|GDP Per Capita||$4,619.99|
|Exports||Sugar, coffee, petroleum, apparel, bananas, fruits and vegetables, cardamom, manufacturing products, precious stones and metals, electricity|
This page was last updated on November 11, 2020