Nicaragua is a Central American country covering a total area of 130,370 sq. km (50,340 sq. mi) making it the region's biggest country.
The country can be divided into roughly three physiographic regions, the Pacific lowlands, central highlands, and the Caribbean highlands.
The Pacific lowlands extend about 75 km inland from the coast. As seen on the map above, a row of volcanoes rises from this otherwise mostly flat area.
Lake Managua and Lake Nicaragua, the largest freshwater lakes in Central America occupy a rift region located to the east of the Pacific lowlands. Fertile plains surround these lakes and extend northwestwards. This region is highly cultivated due to the presence of fertile volcanic ash.
To the east and northeast of the Pacific lowlands is the central highlands region which features rugged mountains like the Isabelia Mountains. The 2,085 m (6,841 ft) high Mogotón, the highest point in the country, is located here. Its position has been marked on the map by a yellow triangle.
The Mosquito Coast comprises the eastern Caribbean lowlands region of Nicaragua that has fertile soils that end in numerous lagoons, bays, and salt marshes along the coast. Several rivers drain this region into the Caribbean Sea.
Nicaragua (officially, the Republic of Nicaragua) is divided into 15 departments (departamentos, sing. departamento) and 2 autonomous regions (regions autonomistas, sing. region autonoma). In alphabetical order, the departments are: Boaco, Carazo, Chinandega, Chontales, Esteli, Granada, Jinotega, Leon, Madriz, Managua, Masaya, Matagalpa, Nueva Segovia, Rio San Juan and Rivas. North Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region (Costa Caribe Norte) and South Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region (Costa Caribe Sur) are the two autonomous regions of Nicaragua. The departments are further subdivided into 153 municipios (municipalities).
Covering an area of 130,967 sq. km, Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America. Located on Lake Managua’s south western shores is, Managua – the capital, the largest and the most populated city of Nicaragua. It is also the administrative, commercial, educational and economic hub of the country.
Nicaragua is a large country located in Central America. It is positioned both in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. Nicaragua is bordered by Honduras to the northwest and by Costa Rica to the south. It is bounded by the Caribbean Sea to the east and by the Pacific Ocean to the southwest.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||Republic of Nicaragua|
|12 08 N, 86 15 W|
|Total Area||130,370.00 km2|
|Land Area||119,990.00 km2|
|Water Area||10,380.00 km2|
|GDP Per Capita||$1,912.90|
This page was last updated on February 25, 2021