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Peru Facts

Map of Peru
Locator Map of Peru

Flag of Peru

Peru's Quick Facts

Land Area 1,279,996 km2
Water Area 5,220 km2
Total Area 1,285,216 km2
Population 30,741,062
Population Density 23.92 / km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $410.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $13,000
Currency Sol (PEN)
Largest Cities
  • Lima (10,719,188)
  • Arequipa (922,999)
  • Trujillo (864,633)
  • Chiclayo (637,255)
  • Piura (474,358)
  • Cusco (470,720)
  • Iquitos (469,582)
  • Chimbote (388,978)
  • Huancayo (386,366)
  • Tacna (320,453)
  • Name: Peru
    (long form) Republic of Peru
  • Capital City: Lima (7,605,742 pop.)
    (8,472,935 metro)
  • Peru Population: 29,849,303 (2013 est.)
  • World Populations (all countries)
  • Currency: Peru Nuevo Sol (PEN)
    (conversion rates)

    Peru Nuevo Sol
    Ten Peru Nuevos Soles
  • Ethnicity: Amerindian 45%, mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%
  • GDP total: $325.4 billion (2012 est)
  • GDP per capita: $10,700 (2012 est)
  • Land Sizes
  • Language: Spanish 84.1% (official), Quechua 13% (official), Aymara 1.7%, Ashaninka 0.3%, other native languages 0.7% (includes a large number of minor Amazonian languages), other
  • Largest Cities: (by population) Lima, Arequipa, Callao, Trujillo, Chiclayo, Iquitos, Huancayo, Piura, Chimbote, Cuzco
  • Name: The name Peru come from the word Biru. Biru was the name of a local ruler who lived near the Bay of San Miguel, Panama. The Spanish adopted the name in 1529.
  • National Day: July 28
  • Religion: Roman Catholic 81.3%, Evangelical 12.5%, other 3.3%, unspecified or none 2.9%
  • Symbols

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