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Peru Facts

Peru's Information

Flag of Peru
Land Area 1,279,996 km2
Water Area 5,220 km2
Total Area 1,285,216km2 (#19)
Population 30,741,062 (#43)
Population Density 24.02/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $410.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $13,000
Currency Sol (PEN)
More Information Peru
Largest Cities
  • Name: Peru
    (long form) Republic of Peru
  • Capital City: Lima (7,605,742 pop.)
    (8,472,935 metro)
  • Peru Population: 29,849,303 (2013 est.)
  • World Populations (all countries)
  • Currency: Peru Nuevo Sol (PEN)
    (conversion rates)

    Peru Nuevo Sol
    Ten Peru Nuevos Soles
  • Ethnicity: Amerindian 45%, mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%
  • GDP total: $325.4 billion (2012 est)
  • GDP per capita: $10,700 (2012 est)
  • Land Sizes
  • Language: Spanish 84.1% (official), Quechua 13% (official), Aymara 1.7%, Ashaninka 0.3%, other native languages 0.7% (includes a large number of minor Amazonian languages), other
  • Largest Cities: (by population) Lima, Arequipa, Callao, Trujillo, Chiclayo, Iquitos, Huancayo, Piura, Chimbote, Cuzco
  • Name: The name Peru come from the word Biru. Biru was the name of a local ruler who lived near the Bay of San Miguel, Panama. The Spanish adopted the name in 1529.
  • National Day: July 28
  • Religion: Roman Catholic 81.3%, Evangelical 12.5%, other 3.3%, unspecified or none 2.9%
  • Symbols
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

Peru Trivia

What is the Largest Ethnic Group in Peru?

The largest ethnic group of Peru is Native American, who make up 45% of the population.

Major Ethnic Groups Of Peru

Where is the Purus River?

The Purus River runs 1,995 miles through the South American nations of Brazil and Peru.

Where is the Purus River?

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Countries Of South America