1. World Map/
  2. South America/
  3. Chile/
  4. Chile Timeline

Chile History Timeline

Easter Island Easter Island

1500s - 1800s

  • (1535) Indigenous Araucanian people successfully resisted Spanish invasion of Chile
  • (1541) Pedro de Valdivia began Spanish conquest, founded Santiago
  • (1553) Araucanians captured, killed Valdivia
  • (1810) Junta in Santiago proclaimed autonomy for Chile
  • (1814) Spain regained control of Chile
  • (1817) Spanish defeated by Army of the Andes led by Jose de San Martin, Bernardo O'Higgins
  • (1818) Chile became independent with O'Higgins as supreme leader
  • (1879-84) Chile increased territory size after defeating Peru and Bolivia in War of the Pacific
  • (1927) General Carlos Ibanez del Campo seized power, established dictatorship
  • (1929) Economic crash
  • (1932) Chile, Peru signed Extradition Treaty
  • (1939) 8.3 magnitude earthquake in Chillan, killed approximately 30,000 people
  • (1945) Peru, Paraguay, Chile, and Ecuador joined United Nations
  • (1948-58) Communist Party banned
  • (1964) Eduardo Frei Montalva elected president, failed to curb inflation
  • (1970) Salvador Allende first democratic elected Marxist president
  • (1973) General Augusto Pinochet ousts Allende, established a brutal dictatorship
  • (1989-90) Patricio Aylwin won presidential election; General Pinochet remained commander-in-chief of the army
  • (1990) Inflation hit 26%
  • (1994-95) Eduardo Frei elected president
  • (1998) General Pinochet retired from the army, appointed senator for life
  • (2000) Socialist Ricardo Lagos elected president
  • (2002) A general census performed; General Pinochet resigned as lifelong senator
  • (2004) President Lagos signed law giving rights for divorce
  • (2005) 45 young soldiers died in blizzard
  • (2006) Michelle Bachelet elected Chile's first woman President; Chile, China signed free-trade deal; Pinochet died
  • (2007) President Bachelet signed decree to allow morning-after contraceptive pill; government paid compensation to families of Pinochet's 12 victims
  • (2008) Peru filed lawsuit at International Court of Justice over maritime territory dispute; Chaiten volcano erupted after 9,000 years lying dormant
  • (2009) President Bachelet first Chilean leader to visit Cuba in four decades; Peruvian Air Force officer accused of spying for the Chilean military
  • (2010) 8.8 magnitude earthquake struck central Chile, hundreds died, caused widespread damage; Sebastian Pinera defeated President Eduardo Frei in presidential election; 33 miners trapped underground for 69 days brought to safety

Chile Trivia

Are There Any Female Heads of Government?

There are many powerful women in politics around the world. Some examples are Queen Elizabeth and Prime Minister Theresa May of the United Kingdom, Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel, and Ellen Johnson Sirleaf the President of Liberia and the first female head of state in Africa.

10 Female Heads of State

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

Trending on WorldAtlas

Countries Of South America