- Name: Chile
(long form) Republic of Chile
- Capital City: Santiago (5,278,044 pop.)
(7.2 Million metro)
- Chile Population: 17,216,945 (2013 est.)
- World Populations (all countries)
- Currency: Chile Peso (CLP)
Five Hundred Chilean Pesos
- Ethnicity: White and White-Amerindian 95.4%, Mapuche 4%, other indigenous groups 0.6% (2002 census)
- GDP total: $325.8 billion (2012 est)
- GDP per capita: $18,700 (2012 est)
- Land Sizes
- Language: Spanish (official), Mapudungun, German, English
- Largest Cities: (by population) Santiago, Vina Causino, Antofagasta, Vina del Mar, Valparaiso, Talchahuano, San Bernardo, Temuco, Iquique, Concepcion
- Name: There are many theories about the origination of the name "Chile". Many think the word comes from similar sounding words in native languages. Some think it is the onomatopoeic word "cheele-cheele" for a native bird squawking. What is certain is that by the time the Spanish explorer Diego de Almagro arrived people in the country were introducing themselves as the "men of Chilli".
- National Day: September 18
- Religion: Roman Catholic 70%, Evangelical 15.1%, Jehovah's Witness 1.1%, other Christian 1%, other 4.6%, none 8.3%
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