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Bolivia

Bolivia's Information

Flag of Bolivia
Land Area 1,083,301 km2
Water Area 15,280 km2
Total Area 1,098,581km2 (#27)
Population 10,969,649 (#81)
Population Density 10.13/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $78.66 Billion
GDP Per Capita $7,200
Currency Boliviano (BOB)
More Information Bolivia
Largest Cities

The ancient history of Bolivia is first and foremost woven into the great Andean empires of the Aymara civilization. The Incas eventually conquered this innovative and powerful culture at the end of the 15th century. 

In their obsessive search for gold and silver, the Spanish arrived here in the 16th century; they quickly defeated the Incas, and changed the economic and social fabric of Bolivia forever.

potosi real silverDuring its 300 years of colonial rule, Spain continually searched for precious metals, and in the process forced Indian labor to do the work. The silver mines they discovered at Potosi proved to be the largest ever in the western hemisphere.

In 1809, the "Liberator", Simon Bolivar, (Bolivia's namesake) began the battle for independence. After the Spanish defeat in 1824, Bolivia finally gained its hard-fought freedom in 1825.

Typical of a new, upstart country, political instability, coups, countercoups and rewritten constitutions were commonplace, as numerous leaders tried to reform the country.

In the late 1800s, civilian governments came into power, and for almost fifty years Bolivia enjoyed relative political stability; its economy improved for all but the indigenous Indians.

Then, after losing a regional war with Paraguay in 1935, in which it lost much of its original territories, military control returned and a long series of military governments controlled the country till 1982, when the country again returned to a democratically elected form of government.

Laguna VerdeToday, though reform is in the air, it remains one of the poorest and least developed countries in South America, and dependent on foreign aid.

On the real positive side, this marvelous land of natural beauty has vast quantities of untapped gas, gold, oil and silver deposits, as well as a large palette of colorful attractions for all travelers.

This page was last updated on July 12, 2016.

Bolivia Trivia

What Kind of Government Does Bolivia Have?

Bolivia, a landlocked country located in South America, carries out its government via a presidential representative democratic republic. Under this political framework, the President is both the Head of State and the Head of Government.

What Type Of Government Does Bolivia Have?

What Is The Capital Of Bolivia?

While the majority of countries around the world have established one specific city as the political capital, this is not the case in Bolivia. In this country, the 3 branches of government are divided between two cities: Sucre and La Paz. Sucre is the center for the judicial branch and La Paz is the seat of both the executive and legislative branches. The story behind this division in government has its roots in the Spanish colonial area

What Is The Capital Of Bolivia?

What Languages are Spoken in Bolivia?

The Constitution of Bolivia was adopted in 2009, and specified the country's official languages. Bolivia has one of the highest numbers of official languages in the world, with 39 languages being lawfully recognized as official. The major native languages in Bolivia that have more than a million speakers are Quechua and Aymara. Castilian is the Spanish dialect used in Bolivia, with speakers found all over the country.

What Languages are Spoken in Bolivia?

What are the ethnic groups of Bolivia?

The majority of Bolivians are either Native South American or of mixed Native American and European ancestry. The Mestizo ethnic group makes up 70% and Indigenous Bolivian makes up 20%.

Ethnic Groups Of Bolivia

What is the Culture of Bolivia Like?

The culture of Bolivia is influenced by both indigenous cultures and the cultures of the colonial powers that ruled the country in the past.

The Culture Of Bolivia

What Does the Flag of Bolivia Look Like?

The official flag used in Bolivia consists of three horizontal stripes: red at the top, yellow in the middle, and green on the bottom. The country’s coat of arms is featured on the yellow stripe at the center of the flag.

What Do the Colors and Symbols of the Flag of Bolivia Mean?

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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