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  5. Newfoundland and Labrador Timeline

Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador History Timeline

1400's - 1600's
  • (1497) John Cabot arrived in Newfoundland, landfall at Bonavista, claimed land as British colony
  • (1583) Humphrey Gilbert of England arrived St. John's, began colony
  • (1610) First colony established at Cupids by London and Bristol merchants; John Guy first governor
  • (1660's) French established colony at Placentia
  • (1696-1697) French attacked settlements in Newfoundland
  • (1713) French lost all territory in Newfoundland under Treaty of Utrecht; maintained fishing rights
  • (1756 - 1763) Seven Years War between French and English; French claimed many settlements
  • (1763) Seven Years War ended; Treaty of Paris gave French fishing rights to French Shore, Territory of St. Pierre, Miquelon
  • (1774) Quebec Act gave control of Labrador to Canada, became part of Quebec
  • (1809) Labrador Act gave Labrador to Newfoundland
  • (1816) Fire destroyed 140 buildings in St. John's
  • (1832) Newfoundland granted Representative Government
  • (1846) 12,000 left homeless by fire in St. John's
  • (1854) Cholera epidemic struck St. John's
  • (1855) Responsible government established; Philip Frances Little elected first prime minister
  • (1861) Riots occurred due to general election
  • (1864) First copper mine opened in Newfoundland
  • (1882) Hurricane struck Newfoundland, 22 ships wrecked in Notre Dame Bay
  • (1885) Generating station opened in St. John's, electricity available for first time to public for lights; tidal wave, hurricane struck coastal Labrador
  • (1892) Fire in St. John's destroyed most of downtown, 11,000 left homeless
  • (1894) Two Newfoundland banks crashed, began depression in Newfoundland
  • (1895) First Chinese immigrants arrived
  • (1896) Miners at Bell Island struck for two-cents an hour raise
  • (1898) Railway across Newfoundland completed
  • (1902) Quebec, Newfoundland began dispute of Labrador boundary
  • (1906) Act Respecting Immigration of Chinese Persons passed, every Chinese person arriving in Newfoundland must pay $300 Head Tax; Chinese women not allowed in Newfoundland
  • (1914) 78 sealers died, 11 others disabled after being stranded on ice for 53 hours in Newfoundland; Newfoundland joined Britain in World War I
  • (1916) Battle of Beaumont Hamel in France; Newfoundland Regiment suffered most deaths, injuries
  • (1923) Women 25 or older won right to vote; gold rush at Stag Bay, Labrador
  • (1927) Labrador boundary settled in present location by Judicial Committee of Privy Council
  • (1929) Tidal wave hit southwest coast of Newfoundland, 27 killed
  • (1932) Riot at House of Assembly protested members of government gave money to friends
  • (1933) Newfoundland ran out of money; House of Assembly closed, Responsible Government ended
  • (1935) Unemployed people rioted in St. John's; minimum wage established for loggers
  • (1939) One-half of workforce on government relief; World War II began
  • (1941) American troops arrived St. John's; construction of American naval base at Argentia began
  • (1942) German submarine torpedoed ferry, SS Caribou, 127 passengers killed; German submarines sank ships at Bell Island
  • (1947) Driving switched from left side of road to right side; St. John's businessmen formed Responsible Government League to make Newfoundland and Labrador independent country with elected government
  • (1948) Union with Canada voted on; Newfoundland signed Terms of Union with Canada
  • (1949) Newfoundland became 10th province of Canada; Joseph Roberts Smallwood elected first premier of Newfoundland
  • (1951) Chinese immigrants allowed citizenry
  • (1953) Polio epidemic swept through Newfoundland
  • (1953 - 1965) Newfoundland Resettlement Program - moved residents of outlying communities to larger centers; 119 communities shut down
  • (1958) Newfoundland Loggers struck for wage increases, improvements in living conditions
  • (1960) Evidence of Viking colonization of North America discovered in Newfoundland
  • (1965 - 1975) Joint federal, provincial resettlement programs moved 4,168 households from 46 outposts
  • (1970) Total eclipse of sun cast shadow the length of Nova Scotia across Newfoundland
  • (1980) Quebec-Newfoundland Power Deal: Quebec bought power from the Churchill Falls hydro-electric project in Labrador
  • (1985) Titanic wreck found 400 miles east of Newfoundland at a depth of 13,000 feet; air crash in Gander, 256 lives lost; Atlantic Accord signed - offshore energy agreement to develop province's offshore petroleum resources
  • (1990) Three Newfoundland fish plants closed, 1,300 jobs eliminated
  • (1994) 8,000 people moved from Newfoundland and Labrador to find work
  • (1995) Spanish trawler, Estai, captured off Newfoundland for violations of fishing laws
  • (1997) Hibernia offshore drilling platform pumped first barrel of oil
  • (2004) Supreme Court of Canada ruled Newfoundland and Labrador justified in deferring pay equity to women during financial crisis; Newfoundland and Labrador legalized same-sex marriage; Premier Williams ordered Canadian flag removed from all provincial buildings as protest against federal policies (Flag Flap)
  • (2005) Canadian government signed multi-billion dollar deal with Newfoundland, Labrador, Nova Scotia for offshore natural resource revenues; Canadian flags flown again
  • (2007) General election in Newfoundland and Labrador won by governing Progressive Conservatives
  • (2009) Cougar Helicopters ditched off coast of Newfoundland during flight to oil platform, 18 died, one survivor
  • (2010) Hurricane Igor struck Newfoundland, caused widespread flooding, destroyed bridges, homes, roads; damages estimated at $200 million
  • (2011) Progressive Conservative Leader Kathy Dunderdale became first woman to lead party to victory in Newfoundland and Labrador elections
  • (2012) Newfoundland woman who was hanged in 1833 for the murder of her husband was acquitted