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Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador Geography

Separated by the Strait of Belle Isle, the Island of Newfoundland combined with mainland Labrador is the easternmost province in Canada.

The hills and mountains ranges of Newfoundland are an extension of the Appalachian Mountains, a chain of eroded mountains that extend about 1,500 miles in length, from central Alabama in the U.S., through Canada's maritime provinces.

The eroded Long Range Mountains average nearly 670 m (2,200 ft.) in elevation. They dominate the island of Newfoundland, a stunning landmass indented by hundreds of bays, coves, islands and small inlets.

Newfoundland is covered by innumerable lakes and drained by over fifty rivers. The most significant lakes include the Grand, Meelpaeg and Red Indian.

Labrador, bordering the province of Quebec, is the easternmost part of the Canadian Shield. In the central and southern plateau areas the land is hilly, irregular and rough, and blanketed by many lakes and rivers.

In the far north the dominant features are rocky frozen tundra, mountain ranges that include the Torngat Mountains and the province's highest point, Mt. Caubvick at 1,652 m (5,420 ft.)

Labrador's Atlantic Ocean coastline, south to north, is fronted by deep bays and fjords and by hundreds and hundreds of small islands.

Significant lakes in Labrador include the Atikonak, Melville and the Smallwood Reservoir. The Churchill, Macatina and Naskaupi are rivers of note.

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on July 14, 2016.