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Honduras History Timeline

Map of Honduras
Locator Map of Honduras

Honduras's Information

Flag of Honduras
Land Area 111,890 km2
Water Area 200 km2
Total Area 112,090 km2
Population 8,893,259
Population Density 79.34 / km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $43.19 Billion
GDP Per Capita $5,300
Currency Lempira (HNL)
Largest Cities
  • Tegucigalpa (850,848)
  • San Pedro Sula (489,466)
  • Choloma (139,100)
  • La Ceiba (130,218)
  • El Progreso (100,810)
  • Ciudad Choluteca (75,872)
  • Comayagua (58,784)
  • Puerto Cortez (48,013)
  • La Lima (45,955)
  • Danli (44,799)

1500s - 1700s

  • (1502) During 4th voyage Columbus reached the coast of Honduras, traveled south to Panama
  • (1525) Spain began conquest of Honduras
  • (17th century) Honduras northern coast fell to British buccaneers
  • (1806) Spanish king set boundary between Honduras and Nicaragua
  • (1821) Honduras gained independence from Spain, became part of Mexico
  • (1823) Honduras joined United Provinces of Central America, included Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua
  • (1839-1840) Liberals of United Provinces of Central America under leader, Francisco Morazan, defeated in civil war led by Rafael Carrera; confederation union dissolved
  • (1840) Honduras fully independent
  • (1860) William Walker, conqueror of Nicaragua, convicted and executed by Honduras government
  • (1907) Due to political violence, US Marines arrived in Honduras to protect American lives
  • (1911) US helped overthrow President Miguel Devila of Honduras
  • (1919) US Marines again invaded Honduras
  • (1922) US "intervention army" left Honduras
  • (1924) US troops sent to Honduras to protect American interests during election conflict; the capital, Tegucigalpa, taken by rebel forces
  • (1932-49) Honduras under right-wing National Party of Honduras dictatorship led by General Tiburcio Carias Andino
  • (1957) Honduras military ousted civilian president
  • (1960) The Central American Common Market established by treaty between El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica
  • (1963) Colonel Osvaldo Lopez Arellano took power after leading coup
  • (1969) El Salvador, Honduras fought four-day "Soccer War" when fans rebelled over heavy immigration, border disputes, during World Cup qualifying matches
  • (1974) Lopez resigned after allegedly accepting bribe from US company; Hurricane Fifi struck Honduras, killed 5,000
  • (1975) Colonel Juan Alberto Melgar Castro took power
  • (1978) General Policarpo Paz Garcia ousted Melgar in coup
  • (1980) General Paz signed peace treaty with El Salvador
  • (1981) Roberto Suazo Cordova, Centrist Liberal Party of Honduras, elected president; led first civilian government in more than century
  • (1982) Civilian rule resumed in Honduras; Honduras rebels kidnapped 104 businessmen, officials; Guatemalan President Rios Montt met with US President Ronald Reagan in Honduras; Reagan dismissed reports of human rights abuses in region, lifted arms embargo to resume sales to military rulers
  • (1986) Jose Azcona del Hoyo, Liberal Party, elected president after law changed to stipulate maximum one-term presidency; President Ronald Reagan ordered emergency aid for Honduran army
  • (1988) Amnesty International report alleged increase in human rights violations by armed forces, right-wing death squads; US sent 3,000 soldiers to Honduras; Inter-American Court of Human Rights found Honduran government guilty of disappearances of Honduran citizens between 1981-1984
  • (1989) General Alvarez assassinated by left-wing guerrillas in Tegucigalpa; summit of Central American presidents in El Salvador reached agreement on demobilization of Nicaraguan Contras based in Honduras
  • (1990) Rafael Callejas sworn in as president; last Nicaraguan Contras left Honduras
  • (1990-1998) Death squads killed 701 people
  • (1992) International Court of Justice gave ruling establishing new boundaries between Honduras, El Salvador; Honduran government forced to revoke 40-year forest concession granted to Chicago based paper company, Stone Container, after thousands of Hondurans marched in protest
  • (1993) Government set up commission to investigate alleged human rights violations by military; Liberal Party candidate, veteran rights activist Carlos Reina, elected president; Renia pledged to reform judicial system, limit power of armed forces
  • (1995) Compulsory military service abolished; first military officers charged with human rights abuses
1900s continued
  • (1997) Carlos Flores, Liberal Party, elected president; pledged to restructure armed forces
  • (1998) Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador agreed build $2 Billion railroad network to link Central America with Mexico; Hurricane Mitch devastated Honduras; Honduras declared national alert because of cholera and malaria epidemics
  • (1999) Armed forces placed under civilian control; Congress ratified 1986 maritime agreement with Colombia to settle claims over Caribbean Sea; Nicaragua claimed some of area as its own; pending resolution of border dispute Honduras, Nicaragua agreed to halt troop deployments
  • (2000) Mexico reached free trade agreement with Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras; Honduras qualified for debt relief
  • (2001) Honduran Committee for Defense of Human Rights stated more than 1,000 street children were murdered in 2000 by death squads backed by police; UN called on government to prevent extra judicial killings of hundreds of children at the hands of police officers; month-long drought ravaged Central America, Honduras lost 80% of basic grains
  • (2002) Congress elected Justice Vilma Cecilia Morales, first woman to head Supreme Court; Honduras restored diplomatic ties with Cuba; Richardo Maduro inaugurated as president; police broke up smuggling, kidnapping, bank robbery ring in Lempira
  • (2003) Congress voted to send troops to Iraq - Honduras first Central American country to authorize deployment; Honduras passed anti-gang law; thousands of protestors across Honduras blocked streets, burned tires to demand government not to renew debt payment agreement with the IMF; Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua agreed on free trade agreement with US
  • (2004) Free trade agreement signed; prison fire at San Pedro Sula killed more than 100 inmates, many gang members; 28 bus passengers massacred in Chamalecon by suspected gang members
  • (2005) Seven Central American nations (Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama) agreed to create a rapid response force to combat drug trafficking, terrorism, other regional threats; Liberal Party's Manuel Zelaya declared winner of presidential elections; Honduran Congress approved Central American Free Trade Agreement
  • (2006) Manuel Zelaya inaugurated as new president, promised to fight corruption; free trade agreement with US came effective
  • (2007) Honduras named first ambassador to Cuba in 45 years; International Court of Justice in The Hague settled long running territorial dispute between Honduras, Nicaragua
  • (2008) Honduras joined Bolivarian Alternative for Americas, headed by Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, staunch US foe; President Manuel Zelaya stated lack of international support to tackle chronic poverty forced him to seek aid from Venezuela
  • (2009) President Manuel Zelaya removed by military, forced into exile; Congress speaker Roberto Micheletti appointed acting president; US refused to recognize Micheletti as president, suspended millions of dollars development, military aid; supporters of Zelaya staged rallies calling for his return; Porfirio "Pepe" Lobo Sosa of the conservative National Party won presidential election; Congress rejected proposal that ousted President Zelaya be allowed to return to office
  • (2010) Porfirio Lobo sworn in as president; Lobo provided Zelaya safe passage to exile in Dominican Republic

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