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Hungary History Timeline

Hungary's Information

Flag of Hungary
Land Area 89,608 km2
Water Area 3,420 km2
Total Area 93,028km2 (#108)
Population 9,874,784 (#90)
Population Density 110.20/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $268.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $27,200
Currency Forint (HUF)
Largest Cities

100AD – 1000's

  • (100AD) Hungary was the Roman province of Pannonia, Pecs was capital
  • (896) Founding date of Hungary, under leadership of Arpad; Hungarian tribes settled in Carpathian Basin
  • (997-1038) King Stephen of Arpad dynasty ruled the country
  • (1000) King Stephen converted to Christianity
  • (1038) King Stephen died
  • (1096) Peter the Hermit's crusaders forced their way across Sava, Hungary; crusaders reached Sofia, Hungary
1100's – 1300's
  • (1102) Coats forced to enter into a union with Hungary, recognized the Hungarian king as their own
  • (1222) King Andrew II issued Golden Bull, a constitutional document which limited the king's power and enshrined rights of nobility
  • (1241-1242) Mongolian Tartars invasion caused devastation
  • (1301-1308) Dynasty of Arpad ended by the election of Charles I of Anjou
  • (1342-1382) During reign of Louis the Great, Dalmatia was annexed, Hungary's first university founded at Pecs
  • (1382) Louis I the Great, King of Hungary and Poland died, Mary, daughter of Louis I, became Queen of Hungary
  • (1386) Sigismund, son of Charles IV, became King of Hungary by marriage to Queen Mary of Hungary
1400's – 1800's
  • (1456) Forces led by Hungarian nobleman Janos Hunyadi, defeated Ottoman forces at Siege of Belgrade
  • (1458-1490) King Matthias reigned
  • (1526) Ottoman Turks defeated forces of Hungarian king at Battle of Mochacs, established control over most of the country
  • (1541) Hungary was divided into three parts, Turks ruled central Hungary, Habsburg dynasty governed west Hungary, Hungarians ruled south Hungary
  • (1699) Austrian Habsburgs under Leopold I expelled Turks
  • (1703-1711) Hungarian war, led by the Prince of Transylvania, against the Habsburgs failed
  • (1848-1849) Hungarian revolution and the Habsburgs emperor was dethroned, Habsburg rule was re-established with Russia's help
  • (1867) Hungary became autonomous partner in Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • (1914-1918) First world war; Hungary fought on losing side, monarchy collapsed
  • (1920) Trianon Treaty reduced Hungary's area by two-thirds, population by one third
  • (1938-1940) Germany concluded treaties in Munich and Vienna, southern Slovakia and northern Transylvania returned to Hungary
  • (1939) World War II started
  • (1941) Hungary declared war on Soviet Union; large part of Hungarian army destroyed; Hungary declared war on the United Kingdom and United States
  • (1944) Nazis occupied Hungary
  • (1945) Allies of World War II defeated Germany; Soviet Union liberated, then occupied Hungary
  • (1947-1948) Communists consolidated power; Hungary aligned itself more and more with the Soviet Union
  • (1949) New constitution made Hungary a workers' and peasants' state; industry nationalized; agriculture collectivized; surge of police terror launched
  • (1956) Hungarian revolution against Stalinism defeated
  • (1990) Soviet Union army left Hungary; Hungarian democracy set up
1900's continued
  • (1991) Soviet forces withdrew from Hungary; Warsaw Pact dissolved
  • (1997) Referendum endorsed joining NATO; European Union opened membership talks with Hungary
  • (1999) Hungary became full member of NATO
  • (2000) Ferenc Madl took office as president
  • (2002) EU summit formally invited Hungary to join in 2004
  • (2004) Hungary joined the EU; Peter Medgyessy resigned; Ferenc Gyurcsany became prime minister; parliament ratified EU constitution
  • (2005) Parliament chose opposition, backed Laszio Solyom next president
  • (2006) General elections returned power to Socialist-led coalition under Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsany; Prime Minister Gyurcsany admitted his government had lied during the election, violence erupted as protestors demanded his resignation
  • (2006) Gazprom in Russia cut gas supplies to Hungary by 25%
  • (2007) Over 500 people died in Hungary due to a heat wave in central and southeast Europe
  • (2007) Riot police used tear gas and water cannon to disperse far right protestors of 51st anniversary of 1956 uprising
  • (2008) Opposition sponsored referendum calling for abolition of new fees for health care and higher education defeated by government; Gyurcsany reshuffled cabinet after Alliance of Free Democrats quit the ruling of two parties; global financial crisis hit Hungary, the value of the forint plummeted; International Monetary Fund, the EU and World bank granted a rescue package worth $25bn
  • (2009) Hungary and Russia signed deal to build part of the South Stream pipeline across Hungarian territory; Budapest agreed to jointly build an underground gas storage facility in Hungary; Hungary turned into a major hub for Russian gas supplies; Ferenc Gyurcsany announced intentions to resign as prime minister; Economy Minister Gordon Bajnai took over as prime minister; far-right Jobbik party won three seats in European Parliament elections
  • (2010) Conservative opposition party member, Fidesz, won landslide victory in parliamentary election, gained two-thirds majority; Jobbik won a seat in the Hungarian parliament for the first time; law passed by parliament allowed ethnic Hungarians living abroad to apply for Hungarian citizenship; international lenders suspended review of Hungary's 2008 funding arrangement
  • (2010) Reservoir in western Hungary broke, flooded three villages with toxic red mud, four killed, 116 injured, several were missing
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

Hungary Trivia

What is a Puppet Government?

A "puppet state" is a government that has little will of its own, as it needs financial backing or military support. Thus, it acts an a subordinate to another power in exchange for its own survival. The puppet government still holds its own facade of an identity, perpetuated by retaining its own flag, name, national anthem, law, and constitution. However, these type of governments are not considered as legitimate according to international law.

What Is A Puppet Government?

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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