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Greece Geography

Greece's Information

Flag of Greece
Land Area 130,647 km2
Water Area 1,310 km2
Total Area 131,957km2 (#95)
Population 10,773,253 (#84)
Population Density 82.46/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $291.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $26,800
Currency Euro (EUR)
More Information Greece
Largest Cities

See Also

Occupying the southern most part of the Balkan Peninsula, Greece and its many islands (almost 1,500) extend southward from the European continent into the Aegean, Cretan, Ionian, Mediterranean and Thracian seas.

Crete and Evia are its two largest islands and major island groups include the Argo-Saronic, Cyclades, Dodecanese, Ionian, Northeast Aegean and Sporades.

With the vast percentage of its land comprised of hills and rugged mountains, Greece is one of the most mountainous countries in Europe. Its 13,676 km toothy-edged shoreline is deeply indented by dozens of gulfs.

The western half of the country is dominated by the steep peaks of the Pindus mountains, a range of the Dinaric Alps that stretch south from Albania and Macedonia. Typical elevations here exceed 2,500 meters, and those mountains are punctuated by numerous lakes, rivers and wetlands.

The highest Greek mountain is Mount Olympus, rising to 2,918 meters (9,570 ft). To its immediate southwest stand the massive Meteora rock formations; gigantic pillars of stones worn smooth by wind and water over thousands of years.

In the far-north along its border with Bulgaria, the heavily-forested Southern Rhodope Mountain range spreads across the land.

Greece is home to a series of ancient volcanoes, including those on the islands of Kos, Methana, Milos, Nisyros, Poros and Santorini. None are currently erupting, and the last recorded significant eruptions occurred on the island of Nisyros in 1887/1888, and on the island of Santorini in 1950.

The Peloponnese Peninsula is slightly separated from the mainland by the Corinth Canal, a 4-mile long man-made canal through the Isthmus of Corinth. This narrow canal is used primarily for shipping purposes.

While most of the smaller rivers in Greece dry up in the heat of summer, rivers of note include the Acheloos, Aliacmon, Evros and Pinios. Lakes of size include Trichonis, Vegoritis and Volvi.

This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

Greece Trivia

What is the Biggest City in Greece?

Athens, the capital city of Greece, is also the largest city in the country. It has a population of 3.7 million people.

The Biggest Cities In Greece

What Is a Pentathlon?

Pentathlon is a word of Greek origin formed by combining two words, pente (five) and athlon (competition). The Pentathlon is a competition with five different sporting events. Pentathlon events can be traced to Ancient Greek Olympic Games in Olympia city-state where it included the long jump, javelin throw, discus throw, stadion (a series of short races), and a wrestling match as the main event.

10 Sports That Came From Ancient Greece

What are the major rivers in Greece?

Stretching 185 miles between the Pindus Range and the Aegean Sea, the Haliacmon is the longest river wholly in Greece. Other major rivers include Struma River, Vardar River, and Haliacmon River.

Major Rivers Of Greece

What is the Currency of Greece?

The monetary unit for Greece is the euro. The euro banknotes exist in seven denominations: 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, and 500.

What is the Currency of Greece?

What Language is Spoken in Greece?

Greek, the official language of Greece, is used by the majority of the country's population. English is the most widely spoken foreign language.

What Languages are Spoken in Greece?

What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Greece?

Greece in rich in natural resources including arable land, forests, nickel, bauxite, and the country's beautiful scenery.

What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Greece?

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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