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Georgia History Timeline

Georgia's Information

Flag of Georgia
Land Area 69,700 km2
Total Area 69,700km2 (#119)
Population 4,928,052 (#122)
Population Density 70.70/km2
Government Type Semi-presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $37.27 Billion
GDP Per Capita $10,100
Currency Lari (GEL)
Largest Cities
  • (8000BC) Wine produced in the region of Colchis (later Georgia)
500s – 1800s
  • (500-600) Monastic complex of David Gareja (St. David Garejeli) founded
  • (1178) King Giorgi III crowned his daughter, Tamara, as co-ruler
  • (1204-1205) Georgia's Queen Tamara marched with her men in the battle of Basiani; won victory over Turks, hailed as "Our King Tamara"
  • (1265) Mongols sacked the monastic complex of David Gareja
  • (1395) Tamerlane, Turkic conqueror, swept into southern Russia and Georgia; drove locals into the hills
  • (1615) Persians sacked monastic complex of David Gareja in Georgia
  • (1801-04) Most of present-day Georgia became part of the Russian Empire
  • (1918) Independent Georgian state declared
  • (1921) Red army invaded; Georgia declared a Soviet Socialist Republic
  • (1922) Georgia became a founding member of the Soviet Union
  • (1936) Transcaucasian Soviet Federative Republic dissolved; Georgia became a full republic of the Soviet Union
  • (1972) Eduard Shevardnadze appointed head of the Georgian Communist Party
  • (1989) Soviet troops killed about 20 pro-independence demonstrators in Tbilisi; Georgians and Ossetians clashed over demands for greater autonomy for South Ossetia; Russian peacekeepers deployed
  • (1990)
  • (1991) Georgian people voted overwhelmingly for independence in a referendum; Georgia left Soviet Union; Gamsakhurdia elected president of Georgia by more than 85% of the votes
  • (1992) Gamsakhurdia was deposed after fighting in central Tbilisi between government troops and opposition militias; Eduard Shevardnadze took power; separatist troops in Abkhazia engaged Georgian forces; Shevardnadze appointed head of newly-formed state council
  • (1993) Georgian troops driven out of Abkhazia after fierce fighting; Georgia agreed to join the CIS, received help from Russian troops
  • (1994) Ceasefire signed between Tbilisi and Abkhaz separatists; Russian peacekeepers began to patrol the disputed region; new constitution adopted; new currency, lari, introduced
  • (1995) Shevardnadze won election for president
  • (1997) Death penalty abolished


  • (2000)Shevardnadze re-elected president
  • (2001) Georgia and separatist region of Abkhazia signed accordance, pledged not to use force against each other; Russia gave Vaziani military base to Georgia; conflict in Abkhazia between Abkhaz troops and Georgian paramilitaries supported by fighters from north Caucasus; demonstrations followed a raid by security forces on privately-owned Rustavi-2 TV station
  • (2002) US special forces trained Georgian forces for counter-terrorist operations; Russia accused Georgia of sheltering Chechen militants in Pankisi Gorge; Russian President Putin warned of military action if Georgia failed to deal with the Chechen militants; antiterrorist operations ended with several guerrillas killed, many Chechens detained and several extradited to Russia
  • (2003) Oil pipeline work began from Baku, Azerbaijan through Georgia to Ceyhan, Turkey; peaceful "Rose Revolution" led to Shevardnadze's removal
  • (2004) Mikheil Saakashvili won presidential elections; tensions formed with leadership of the autonomous region of Ajaria, Tbilisi briefly imposed sanctions, closed the border; Saakashvili's national movement democratic front won overwhelming majority in parliament; Ajarian leader Asian Abashidze claimed Georgian forces about to invade, blew up bridges that connected the region with the rest of Georgia; President Saakashvili ordered Abashidze to comply with Georgian constitution; Abashidze resigned, left Georgia; South Ossetia held parliamentary elections, unrecognized by Tbilisi; Georgia decided to modify its anti-smuggling operations in South Ossetia, criticized by Russia; Georgian and South Ossetian forces clashed, key positions captured; Georgia pulled back its forces; Abkhaz presidential elections ended in chaos
This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.

Georgia Trivia

Where is South Ossetia?

South Ossetia is located on the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus Mountains.

Is South Ossetia a Country?

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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