Denmark History Timeline

Denmark's Information

Flag of Denmark
Land Area 42,434 km2
Water Area 660 km2
Total Area 43,094km2 (#130)
Population 5,593,785 (#115)
Population Density 131.82/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
GDP (PPP) $265.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $46,600
Currency Krone (DKK)
500s - 900s
  • (500) First Danes arrived from Sweden
  • (690) English missionaries entered Denmark
  • (700) King Ongendus ruled Denmark
  • (800) King Godfred and forces attacked the Franks
  • (810) King Godfred was murdered
  • (826) Harald Klak converted Denmark to Christianity
  • (827) Horik I, son of Godfred, ruled Denmark
  • (831) Viking forces invaded Ireland
  • (832-842) Viking raids continued in western Europe
  • (865) Danes invaded East Anglia
  • (874) Iceland settled by Vikings
  • (885) Vikings raided Paris, France
  • (911) Viking leader, Rollo, declared Duke of Normandy by the French king
  • (910) Harald I (Bluetooth) son of Gorm the Old conquered all of Denmark
1000s - 1200s
  • (1013) Svend Forkbeard (Svend I) conquered England
  • (1016) King Canute defeated the English
  • (1028) King Canute declared ruler of Denmark, England and Norway
  • (1035) King Canute died
  • (1060) Svend II formed Danish church
  • (1157) Valdemar I crowned King of Denmark
  • (1169) King Canute VI conquered Arkona
  • (1219) Valdemar II conquered Estonia
  • (1241) Valdemar II died, kingdom dissolved
1300s - 1500s
  • (1340) Valdemar IV crowned King of Denmark
  • (1350) Plague ravished Denmark and Sweden
  • (1361) Hanseatic league forces defeated Valdemar IV
  • (1375) Valdemar IV died, Oluf assumed throne
  • (1388) Margrete crowned Queen of Denmark and Norway, and later Sweden
  • (1397) The Union of Kalmar united Denmark, Sweden and Norway
  • (1445) Copenhagen declared capital city
  • (1521) Danish King Christian II deposed
  • (1536) King Christian III ruled Denmark
  • (1536) Denmark adopted Lutheranism as state religion
  • (1563) Denmark and Sweden seven-year war began

1600s - 1800s

  • (1611) Sweden defeated Denmark in Kalmar War
  • (1626) Danish army defeated in Thirty Years' War
  • (1642) Sweden invaded, Denmark lost land
  • (1657) Frederick III declared war on Sweden, Danish army crushed
  • (1699) Frederik IV crowned King of Denmark
  • (1729) Greenland became Danish province
  • (1807) Britain attacked, stole Danish fleet
  • (1814) Denmark ceded Norway to Sweden
  • (1849) Denmark became a constitutional monarchy

1900s

  • (1914) Declared neutrality during World War I
  • (1930's) Welfare state established
  • (1940) Germany invaded Denmark
  • (1943) Danish Jews escaped to Sweden
  • (1945) Germany surrendered, Iceland gained its independence from Denmark
  • (1948) Faeroe Islands granted self-government
  • (1949) Denmark joined NATO
  • (1952) Denmark formed Nordic Council
  • (1972) King Frederick IX died, his daughter, Margrethe II, crowned queen
  • (1973) Denmark joined the EU
  • (1979) Greenland granted home rule
  • (1982) Poul Schlueter elected Prime Minister
  • (1985) Nuclear power plants approved
  • (1992) Danish voters rejected Maastricht Treaty
  • (1993) Schlueter resigned during scandal, Poul Nyrup Rasmussen appointed Prime Minister
  • (1993) Denmark approved Maastricht - with options
  • (1994) Rasmussen elected Prime Minister
  • (1998) Rasmussen re-elected Prime Minister
2000s
  • (2000) Danes rejected EURO as their currency
  • (2000) Oresund Bridge opened
  • (2001) Anders Fogh Rasmussen elected Prime Minister
  • (2005) Anders Fogh Rasmussen re-elected
  • (2006) Prophet Muhammad cartoons published by Danish newspaper; international Muslim outrage follows
  • (2007) Tour de France leader, Michael Rasmussen, pulled off team due to failed drugs testing
  • (2008) Suicide car bomber targeted Danish Embassy in Pakistan, killed six, wounded 18
  • (2008) Greenland voted to loosen ties with Denmark
  • (2009) Greenland assumed self-rule
  • (2010) Noma Restaurant in Copenhagen named best restaurant in world in "World's 50 Best Restaurants" list
  • (2010) Five suspected Islamist militants arrested for planning gun attack at Copenhagen newspaper offices that printed 2005 cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad

    About the Author

    John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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    Most Populated Cities In Denmark

    City Population
    Copenhagen 1,153,615
    Arhus 237,551
    Odense 145,931
    Aalborg 122,219
    Frederiksberg 95,029
    Esbjerg 72,205
    Randers 55,780
    Kolding 55,363
    Vejle 51,177
    Horsens 50,074