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Flags, Symbols & Currency of Denmark

The National Flag of Denmark is referred to as the “Dannebrog” (Danish flag) and is one of the oldest national flags in the world. The flag was officially adopted in 1625.

The National Flag of Denmark features a solid red field with a white Scandinavian cross that extends to the edges of the flag. The vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side. The white cross represents the Christian religion. The flag has a height-to-width proportion ratio of 28:37.

History of the Flag of Denmark

According to a Danish legend, the Danish flag (“Dannebrog”) fell from the sky in Tallinn on June 15, 1219, during an early-13th century Battle of Lyndanisse. The flag was caught up by the Danish King Valdemar II before it ever touched the earth. This heavenly talisman inspired the royal army to victory. In the 14th century, the Dannebrog was used to represent the King and King Valdemar III had incorporated it in his coat of arms. Until 1854, the Dannebrog was solely used by the Danish King and the Royal Navy. Subsequently, its use was allowed for all people.

Other Flags of Denmark

Royal Standard of Denmark

Royal Standard of Denmark
Royal Standard of Denmark

Symbols of Denmark

The National Coat of Arms of Denmark

The current design of the National Coat of Arms of Denmark was adopted by King Frederick VI in 1819.

It features three crowned blue lions facing left and surrounded by nine red hearts. All of which is placed atop a golden shield. The crown on the shield is the crown of King Christian V.

National Motto

"Guds hjaelp, Folkets kaerlighed, Danmarks styrke." ("God's Help, the People's Love, Denmark's Strength.")

National Anthem

  • Anthem Title: Der er et yndigt land (“There is a lovely land/country”)
  • Composer: Hans Ernst Krøyer
  • Lyricist: Adam Oehlenschläger
  • Date of Adoption: 1835

Denmark has two national anthems: "Der er et yndigt land"(English translation: There is a lovely land/country) and "Kong Christian stod ved højen mast" (English translation: King Christian stood by the lofty mass). Both are celebrated with equal status in the country but are used for different purposes. "Der er et yndigt land" is the country's civil national anthem, "Kong Christian stod ved højen mast" is used for royal and military events. Denmark is the only country aside from New Zealand to have two official national anthems in the world.

"Der er et yndigt land " was officially adopted in 1835, with its lyrics written by Adam Oehlenschläger. Hans Ernst Krøyer composed the musical score for the song. It initially had 12 verses, but over time, the song was shortened to only include the first, third, fifth, and final verse. Nowadays, only the first stanza and the final three lines of the fourth verse are commonly sung.

"Kong Christian stod ved højen mast" is traditionally sung after the strike of midnight during New Year's Eve. The song celebrates the heroic acts of Danish sailors while in the middle of 17th and 18th centuries wars versus Sweden. It is also acknowledged to be one of the oldest national anthems in the world and was adopted in 1780. The lyrics to "Kong Christian" were first identified in May of 1773 in The Fishermen, a vaudeville play by Johannes Ewald. It was first performed during the birthday celebrations of King Christian VII in January 1780 at the Royal Danish Theatre. Only the first verse of the song is sung on official occasions. 

"Der er et yndigt land" (Danish)

Der er et yndigt land,

det står med brede bøge

nær salten østerstrand :|

Det bugter sig i bakke, dal,

det hedder gamle Danmark 

og det er Frejas sal :|

Der sad i fordums tid

de harniskklædte kæmper,

udhvilede fra strid :|

Så drog de frem til fjenders mén,

nu hvile deres bene 

bag højens bautasten :|

Det land endnu er skønt,

thi blå sig søen bælter,

og løvet står så grønt :|

Og ædle kvinder, skønne møer

og mænd og raske svende 

bebo de danskes øer :|

Hil drot og fædreland!

Hil hver en danneborger,

som virker, hvad han kan! :|

Vort gamle Danmark skal bestå,

så længe bøgen spejler

 sin top i bølgen blå :|

Official First Verse of the Royal Anthem: 

Kong Christian stod ved højen mast

i røg og damp;

hans værge hamrede så fast,

at gotens hjelm og hjerne brast.

Da sank hvert fjendtligt spejl og mast

i røg og damp.

Fly, skreg de, fly, hvad flygte kan!

hvo står for Danmarks Christian

hvo står for Danmarks Christian

i kamp?

There is a lovely land/country

There is a lovely country

it stands with broad beech-trees,

near the salty eastern shore

It bends itself in hill, valley,

its name is old Denmark

and it is Freya's hall.

There sat in former times,

the armour-suited warriors, 

rested from conflict

Then they went forward to the enemies' injury,

now resting are their bones

behind the mound's menhir. 

That country is still lovely,

because the sea waves so blue frolic,

and the foliage stands so green

And noble women, beautiful maidens,

and men and brisk swains

inhabit the Danes' islands.

Hail king and fatherland!

Hail every honourable citizen,

 who works, what he can

Our old Denmark shall endure,

as long as the beech-tree mirrors

its top in the blue wave!

Official First Verse of the Royal Anthem: 

King Christian stood by the lofty mast

In mist and smoke;

His sword was hammering so fast,

Through Gothic helm and brain it passed;

Then sank each hostile hulk and mast,

In mist and smoke.

"Flee!" shouted they, "flee, he who can!

Who braves of Denmark's Christian,

Who braves of Denmark's Christian,

In battle?"

The Currency of Denmark is the Danish krone

The current official currency of Denmark is the Danish krone (kr, DKK) that was introduced on January 1, 1875. The term ‘krone’ translates to "crown," and therefore the currency is sometimes referred to as the Danish crown. One krone has denominations of 100 øre. A referendum held in 2000 in the country resulted in the rejection of the introduction of the euro.

The Danish krone circulates in Greenland as the Greenlandic krone. Another version of Denmark’s currency circulates in the Faroe Islands, called the Faroese króna, with its distinct banknotes. The Danish coin series is used in the Faroe Islands.


Currently, Coins of denominations 50-øre, 1,2,5,10,20 kroner are in use. Different series of the Danish krone coins bear different colors and designs in a bid to differentiate them. The 50 øre coins come in copper and are minted using bronze. The one, two, and five knone coins are silver-colored and composed of cupronickel alloy. The 10 and 20 knone coins are distinctive in their golden aluminum bronze. The 50 øre coins, as well as the 10-krone coins, are minted with smooth rims in contrast with the interrupted milling of the two and twenty knone coins. The one- and five-krone coins have their rims milled. The one, two, and five-krone coins also have a hole at the center. These properties enable the blind to distinguish between the coins.


Banknotes issued from 1945 range in denominations from 5 to 1000 kroner. The first series was dubbed the Portrait and landscape series, and it circulated from 1952 to 1964. This series featured the values 5, 10, 50, 100, and 500 kroner. The Jens Juel series began circulating in 1975, where the notes featured a painting done by Jens Juel located on the obverse side. Another series was unveiled in 1992 in values of 50, 100, 200, 500, and 1000 kroner. The Bridges series was initiated in 2006 and came into force in 2009. The notes in this series feature Danish bridges in addition to the surrounding landscapes, and they come in the values of 50, 100, 200, 500, and 1000 kroner. Currently, banknotes of denominations 50,100, 200,500,1000 kroner are in use.

Danish krone Banknote

Sallingsund Bridge (1978-) Portrait from Denmark 50 Kroner 2009 Banknotes
Sallingsund Bridge (1978-) Portrait from Denmark 50 Kroner 2009 Banknotes

Danish krone Coin

1 danish kroner coin
1 danish kroner coin

Historical Currencies of Denmark

A penny made from AD 825 until 840 remains the oldest Danish coin. Harald Bluetooth organized the first systematic mining in the late 10th century, which introduced the Korsmønter (cross coins). Canute the Great boosted production in the 1020s and established minting centers in regions such as Lund, Ribe, Odense, Hedeby, and Roskilde. For nearly 1,000 years, most Danish kings have introduced coins bearing their monogram, names, and even portraits. The Carolingian silver standard formed the basis of the territory's coinage. The periodical practice of reducing the metal value of the coins produced to generate revenue for the state and the monarch led to the loss of public trust in the coins. To rectify this situation, the Danish currency had to be overhauled several times. A new currency was unveiled in Denmark in 1619 by the name krone (crown). A new krone replaced the initial one in January 1875. The krone was previously on the gold standard, but Denmark abandoned it permanently in 1931. A decision to outsource production of the Danish krone was reached in 2014.

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