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Czech Republic Geography

Map of Czech Republic
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Flag of Czech Republic

Czech Republic's Quick Facts

Land Area 77,247 km2
Water Area 1,620 km2
Total Area 78,867 km2
Population 10,644,842
Population Density 134.97 / km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $351.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $33,200
Currency Koruna (CZK)
Largest Cities
  • Prague (1,165,581)
  • Brno (369,559)
  • Ostrava (313,088)
  • Pilsen (164,180)
  • Olomouc (101,268)
  • Liberec (97,770)
  • Ceske Budejovice (96,053)
  • Hradec Kralove (95,195)
  • Usti nad Labem (94,105)
  • Pardubice (88,741)

In general terms, the Czech Republic is a hilly plateau surrounded by relatively low mountains. Bordering mountain ranges include the Carpathian, Ore, Sudetic and the Sumarva mountains of the southwest.

The highest point is Mt. Snezka in the Sudetic Mountains; it rises to 5,259 ft. (1,603 m). The lowest point in the Czech Republic is on the Elba River at 377 ft (115 m).

Bohemia, mostly occupying the western half of the country, consists of a low-lying basin drained by the Elbe and Vltava rivers. Moravia, covering the eastern part of the country, is hilly land drained mainly by the Morava River

The Oder River, one of Europe's most significant rivers, rises in the northeast, and flows north to the Baltic Sea.

With a lack of natural lakes, reservoirs are important in the Czech Republic; most are artificial lakes formed in enclosed river valleys and there are over 125 in the country.

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