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Croatia History Timeline

Croatia's Information

Flag of Croatia
Land Area 55,974 km2
Water Area 620 km2
Total Area 56,594km2 (#124)
Population 4,313,707 (#127)
Population Density 77.07/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $94.24 Billion
GDP Per Capita $22,400
Currency Kuna (HRK)
More Information Croatia
Largest Cities


  • (27000-26000BC) Neanderthals lived in modern Zagorje, northern Croatia
200s AD – 1800s
  • (295AD) Roman Emperor Diocletian constructed a fortified palace in downtown Split, Croatia; became known as Diocletian's Palace
  • (614) Croats settled in the area between the Adriatic Sea and the rivers Sava and Drava
  • (640) Porga of Croatia was one of the first known princes of Dalmatian Croatia
  • (852) Duke Trpimir issued Charter, mentioned the Croatia name for the first time in official documents
  • (1102) After the death of the last Croatian King, Petar Svacic, Croatia forced to enter into a union with Hungary
  • (1433) Turks began to occupy the largest part of Croatian territory
  • (1527) Croatian Assembly decided that the dynasty of Habsburg would come to the Croatian throne
  • (1699) Croatia was largely liberated of Turkish rule; continental Croatia remained under Habsburg rule; largest part of Adriatic coast and islands under Venice; only Dubrovnik Republic remained completely independent
  • (1847) Croatian official language of Croatia
  • (1868) Croatia gained domestic autonomy, remained under Hungarian authority
  • (1918) Croatia joined the kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
  • (1929) Kingdom became Yugoslavia
  • (1941) Nazi Germany invaded Croatia; Croatia, Bosnia and western Serbia formed a greater Croatia; Ante Pavelic installed as leader under a fascist government; hundreds of thousands of Serbs and Jews lost their lives under an all-Croat republic
  • (1945) Croatia became one of six constituent republics of the Yugoslav socialist federation after a bitter resistance campaign under Tito
  • (1980) After death of Yugoslavian leader, Tito, Croatia's demands for independence intensified
  • (1990) Croatia's Franjo Tudjman elected president in the first multiparty elections; Serbs in Croatia proclaimed autonomy
  • (1991) Croatia declared independence from Yugoslavia; the Serbian rebellion started; almost one-third of the Croatian territory was under Serb control; Croatian national flag adopted
  • (1992) Republic of Croatia admitted to the United Nations; the UN set up four protected areas in Croatia, troops kept Croats and Serbs apart; Croatia involved in Bosnia-Herzegovina war, supported the Bosnian Croats against Bosnian Serbs; Franjo Tudjman elected president
  • (1995) Three of the four areas created by the UN taken back by Croat forces; Croatian Serbs fled to Bosnia and Serbia; the Dayton Peace Accord was initialed by the Croatian President, Franjo Tudjman
  • (1996) Croatia restored diplomatic relations with Yugoslavia; Croatia joined Council of Europe
  • (1997) Tudjman re-elected president
  • (1998) Croatia resumed control over the fourth UN area, eastern Slavonia
  • (1999) Croatia President Franjo Tudjman died; Vlatko Pavletic, speaker of Croatia's parliament served as acting president for two months
  • (2000) Ivica Racan new prime minister; NATO nations approved Croatia's bid to join the Partnership for Peace; Stepan Mesic of the Croatian People's Party won presidency
  • (2001) The Hague tribunal indicted former Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic for war crimes; Yugoslavia returned art works looted after the fall of the city of Vukovar
  • (2002) Foreign minister Tonino Picula visited Belgrade for talks with his Yugoslavian counterpart, first visit since independence
  • (2003) Croatia submitted formal application for EU membership; Croatian parliament vote to create ecological zone in Adriatic prompted objections from Slovenia; Ivo Sanader of the right-wing Croatian Democratic Union became prime minister
  • (2004) Wartime Croatian Serb leader, Milan Babic, jailed for 13 years by The Hague tribunal for his part in war crimes against non-Serbs; EU agreed to start accession talks with Croatia
  • (2005) Incumbent President Stepan Mesic won second election; EU talks delayed on Croatia's membership due to failure of the arrest of General Ante Gotovina; Crotia called for international mediation after Slovene parliament declared ecological zone in the Adriatic with rights to protect and use sea bed; fugitive Croatian General Ante Gotovina arrested in Spain on war crime charges
  • (2006) European Commission published a report critical of Croatia's progress towards EU membership
  • (2007) Work began on coastal Peljesac bridge; in parliamentary elections ruling Croatian Democratic Union won the most seats but needed coalition partners to secure a majority; border dispute with Slovenia held up EU membership talks
  • (2007) Forest fire near Dubrovnik threatened city
  • (2008) Car bomb fitted on motorcycle killed newspaper owner, Ivo Pukanic, marketing manager and injured two
  • (2008) Parliament approved Prime Minister Ivo Sanader's new HDZ-led coalition government; included first Serb in key position, Deputy PM Slobodan Uzelac; Croatian ex-generals Ante Gotovina, Ivan Cermak and Mladen Markac went on trial at The Hague war crimes tribunal on charges of killing Croatian Serbs
  • (2008) NATO summit in Bucharest invited Croatia to join alliance; government announced major drive against organized crime
  • (2009) Slovina threatened to block Croatia from joining the EU in a continued dispute over borders; Croatia officially joined NATO; the European Union canceled the next round of EU membership talks with Croatia, cited a lack of progress in resolving a long standing border dispute with Slovenia; Slovenia lifted block on Croatia's EU membership talks after the two countries signed a deal allowing international mediators to resolve their border disputes; Croatian EU talks resumed
  • (2010) Ivo Josipovic of the opposition Social Democrats won presidential election; Slovenia voted in a referendum to back international arbitration on the border dispute
  • (2011) Pope Benedict made first visit to Croatia, gave support in bid to join EU
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

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