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Croatia History Timeline

Croatia's Information

Flag of Croatia
Land Area 55,974 km2
Water Area 620 km2
Total Area 56,594km2 (#124)
Population 4,313,707 (#127)
Population Density 77.07/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $94.24 Billion
GDP Per Capita $22,400
Currency Kuna (HRK)
Largest Cities


  • (27000-26000BC) Neanderthals lived in modern Zagorje, northern Croatia
200s AD – 1800s
  • (295AD) Roman Emperor Diocletian constructed a fortified palace in downtown Split, Croatia; became known as Diocletian's Palace
  • (614) Croats settled in the area between the Adriatic Sea and the rivers Sava and Drava
  • (640) Porga of Croatia was one of the first known princes of Dalmatian Croatia
  • (852) Duke Trpimir issued Charter, mentioned the Croatia name for the first time in official documents
  • (1102) After the death of the last Croatian King, Petar Svacic, Croatia forced to enter into a union with Hungary
  • (1433) Turks began to occupy the largest part of Croatian territory
  • (1527) Croatian Assembly decided that the dynasty of Habsburg would come to the Croatian throne
  • (1699) Croatia was largely liberated of Turkish rule; continental Croatia remained under Habsburg rule; largest part of Adriatic coast and islands under Venice; only Dubrovnik Republic remained completely independent
  • (1847) Croatian official language of Croatia
  • (1868) Croatia gained domestic autonomy, remained under Hungarian authority
  • (1918) Croatia joined the kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
  • (1929) Kingdom became Yugoslavia
  • (1941) Nazi Germany invaded Croatia; Croatia, Bosnia and western Serbia formed a greater Croatia; Ante Pavelic installed as leader under a fascist government; hundreds of thousands of Serbs and Jews lost their lives under an all-Croat republic
  • (1945) Croatia became one of six constituent republics of the Yugoslav socialist federation after a bitter resistance campaign under Tito
  • (1980) After death of Yugoslavian leader, Tito, Croatia's demands for independence intensified
  • (1990) Croatia's Franjo Tudjman elected president in the first multiparty elections; Serbs in Croatia proclaimed autonomy
  • (1991) Croatia declared independence from Yugoslavia; the Serbian rebellion started; almost one-third of the Croatian territory was under Serb control; Croatian national flag adopted
  • (1992) Republic of Croatia admitted to the United Nations; the UN set up four protected areas in Croatia, troops kept Croats and Serbs apart; Croatia involved in Bosnia-Herzegovina war, supported the Bosnian Croats against Bosnian Serbs; Franjo Tudjman elected president
  • (1995) Three of the four areas created by the UN taken back by Croat forces; Croatian Serbs fled to Bosnia and Serbia; the Dayton Peace Accord was initialed by the Croatian President, Franjo Tudjman
  • (1996) Croatia restored diplomatic relations with Yugoslavia; Croatia joined Council of Europe
  • (1997) Tudjman re-elected president
  • (1998) Croatia resumed control over the fourth UN area, eastern Slavonia
  • (1999) Croatia President Franjo Tudjman died; Vlatko Pavletic, speaker of Croatia's parliament served as acting president for two months
  • (2000) Ivica Racan new prime minister; NATO nations approved Croatia's bid to join the Partnership for Peace; Stepan Mesic of the Croatian People's Party won presidency
  • (2001) The Hague tribunal indicted former Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic for war crimes; Yugoslavia returned art works looted after the fall of the city of Vukovar
  • (2002) Foreign minister Tonino Picula visited Belgrade for talks with his Yugoslavian counterpart, first visit since independence
  • (2003) Croatia submitted formal application for EU membership; Croatian parliament vote to create ecological zone in Adriatic prompted objections from Slovenia; Ivo Sanader of the right-wing Croatian Democratic Union became prime minister
  • (2004) Wartime Croatian Serb leader, Milan Babic, jailed for 13 years by The Hague tribunal for his part in war crimes against non-Serbs; EU agreed to start accession talks with Croatia
  • (2005) Incumbent President Stepan Mesic won second election; EU talks delayed on Croatia's membership due to failure of the arrest of General Ante Gotovina; Crotia called for international mediation after Slovene parliament declared ecological zone in the Adriatic with rights to protect and use sea bed; fugitive Croatian General Ante Gotovina arrested in Spain on war crime charges
  • (2006) European Commission published a report critical of Croatia's progress towards EU membership
  • (2007) Work began on coastal Peljesac bridge; in parliamentary elections ruling Croatian Democratic Union won the most seats but needed coalition partners to secure a majority; border dispute with Slovenia held up EU membership talks
  • (2007) Forest fire near Dubrovnik threatened city
  • (2008) Car bomb fitted on motorcycle killed newspaper owner, Ivo Pukanic, marketing manager and injured two
  • (2008) Parliament approved Prime Minister Ivo Sanader's new HDZ-led coalition government; included first Serb in key position, Deputy PM Slobodan Uzelac; Croatian ex-generals Ante Gotovina, Ivan Cermak and Mladen Markac went on trial at The Hague war crimes tribunal on charges of killing Croatian Serbs
  • (2008) NATO summit in Bucharest invited Croatia to join alliance; government announced major drive against organized crime
  • (2009) Slovina threatened to block Croatia from joining the EU in a continued dispute over borders; Croatia officially joined NATO; the European Union canceled the next round of EU membership talks with Croatia, cited a lack of progress in resolving a long standing border dispute with Slovenia; Slovenia lifted block on Croatia's EU membership talks after the two countries signed a deal allowing international mediators to resolve their border disputes; Croatian EU talks resumed
  • (2010) Ivo Josipovic of the opposition Social Democrats won presidential election; Slovenia voted in a referendum to back international arbitration on the border dispute
  • (2011) Pope Benedict made first visit to Croatia, gave support in bid to join EU
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

Croatia Trivia

What is the Largest Ethnic Group in Croatia?

The majority of Croatia's population is of Croat ethnic origin. The Croat people make up 90.4% of Croatia's population.

Largest Ethnic Groups In Croatia

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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