Map of Chechnya - Map of Dagestan Russia - World Atlas

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The Republic of Chechnya is located on the north slope of the Caucasus Mountains within 100 kilometers of theCaspian Sea.

It's strategically vital to the Russian Federation for two reasons. First, access routes to both the Black Sea and theCaspian Sea go from the center of the federation through Chechnya. Second, vital Russian oil and gas pipeline connections with Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan also run through Chechnya. 

The declaration of full independence issued in 1993 by the Chechen government of Dzhokar Dudayev led to civil war in that republic, and several Russian-backed attempts to overthrow Dudayev failed in 1993 and 1994. 

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