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Bulgaria's Information

Flag of Bulgaria
Land Area 108,489 km2
Water Area 2,390 km2
Total Area 110,879km2 (#103)
Population 7,144,653 (#101)
Population Density 65.86/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $143.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $20,100
Currency Lev (BGN)
More Information Bulgaria
Largest Cities

The independent state of Great Bulgaria was formed under the rule of Kubrat in 632 AD, and was officially recognized as such in 681 AD. It is the homeland of ancient civilizations, and remnants of their cultures, and the ruins of their cities, palaces and monasteries are found throughout the country.

Throughout the 8th century the Bulgarian state strengthened and during the Second Arab Siege of Constantinople the country succeeded in becoming a major military power. By the late 800's Eastern Orthodox Christianity had been introduced, as well as the Cyrillic alphabet.

This golden age for Bulgaria continued on through the early 10th century, and under the rule of Simeon the Great the country witnessed a monumental expansion of its borders.

However, after the death of Simeon in 927 AD, Bulgaria's once dominant state of power began to crumble through various wars. And by 1014 the Byzantine's conquered the weakened country, ending the First Bulgarian Empire.

In 1185 the Second Bulgarian Empire formed after a major uprising involving Ivan Asen and Peter IV. The Asen dynasty produced a consistent cultural and economic growth, but was short lived. After a three month siege the Ottomans took control of the Bulgarian Empire in 1393.

For the next five centuries, under Ottoman rule, Bulgaria became an oppressed nation isolated from the rest of Europe. The country struggled through rebellions, and finally in 1876, a large uprising pushed the powers that be to take action.

In 1877, supported by the Bulgarians, the Russian Army defeated the Ottoman's during the Russo-Turkish War, and proposed the Treaty of San Stefano to create an autonomous Bulgarian district.

Although rejected by the Greater Powers, the Treaty of Berlin gave Bulgaria a smaller state which included Moesia and the region of Sofia, and finally on October 5, 1908, they declared themselves once-again officially independent.

This page was last updated on July 12, 2016.

Bulgaria Trivia

What Languages Are Spoken In Bulgaria?

Bulgarian, an Indo-European language is the official language of Bulgaria and is spoken by a majority of the country’s population. The two main minority languages spoken in Bulgaria are Turkish and Romani. A number of foreign languages are spoken in Bulgaria. Russian is the most commonly spoken foreign language in the country. 35% of the country’s population claim to possess a workable knowledge of this language. English is the second most common foreign language in Bulgaria and is spoken by about 23% of Bulgarians. Italian and Spanish (12%) and French (9%) are the other popular foreign languages spoken in the country.

Languages Spoken In Bulgaria

Which Is The Most Populous City In Bulgaria?

With a population of over 1.2 million, Sofia is Bulgaria's most populous city. It is also the country’s capital city. Sofia is located in the Sofia Valley where it is surrounded by the Vitosha and Balkan mountains.

What are the Biggest Cities in Bulgaria?

What Continent is Bulgaria In?

The country of Bulgaria is located on the southeastern portion of the continent of Europe.

Which Continent Is Bulgaria In?

What is the tallest mountain in Bulgaria?

Musala in southwestern Bulgaria is the highest peak in the Balkans with an elevation of 9,596 feet above sea level

The Tallest Mountains In Bulgaria

Who Was the First Prime Minister of Bulgaria?

The first prime minister of Bulgaria was Andrey Lukanov, who was in office between November and December of 1990.

List of Bulgarian Prime Ministers

What is the Largest National Park in Bulgaria?

The largest national park in Bulgaria is Rila National Park, with an area of 810.46 square km.

National Parks of Bulgaria

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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