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Belgium History Timeline

Belgium's Information

Flag of Belgium
Land Area 30,278 km2
Water Area 250 km2
Total Area 30,528km2 (#136)
Population 11,409,077 (#77)
Population Density 376.81/km2
Government Type Federal Parliamentary Democracy Under A Constitutional Monarchy
GDP (PPP) $509.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $44,900
Currency Euro (EUR)
More Information Belgium
Largest Cities
  • (54BC) Eburons, a Belgian tribe under the command of King Ambiorix, won victory against the Roman legion
  • (53BC) Caesar claimed to have wiped out the Celtic Eburones; the Eburones lived in area that later came to be known as part of Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands
30 AD – 1000s
  • (30AD) Romans founded city of Tournal in Belgium
  • (496AD) King Clovis of the Franks founded a kingdom, included Belgium
  • (768) Carolingan family ruled the Frankish kingdom
  • (800) Charlemagne became king of the Franks
  • (843) Charlemagne's three grandsons divided the Frank empire between themselves
  • (963) Luxembourg founded, Belgium became part of the United Provinces of the Netherlands
  • (900-1000s) Carolingians lost most of their power; the families of Flanders, Brabant, Hainaut, Limburg, and Namur took control
1200s – 1700s
  • (1252) Town and monastery of Orval in Belgium burned to the ground; rebuilding took 100 years
  • (1370) Jews from Brussels massacred
  • (1477) Maximilian of Austria married Mary of Burgundy; Belgium ruled by Austria
  • (1506) Charles the Bold inherited the Netherlands (included present-day Belgium)
  • (1516) Charles the Bold inherited Spain
  • (1519) Charles the Bold became Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V
  • (1555) Charles gave Belgium to his son, Phillip II
  • (1566) Protestants, led by William I, Prince of Orange, rebelled against Catholic Phillip who sent thousands of Spanish soldiers to put down the rebellion
  • (1576) Eighty Years' War; Spain captured Antwerp
  • (1648) Conflict between Belgium and Spain ended when Spain recognized independence of the Netherlands, included Belgium
  • (1713) Austria ruled Belgium
  • (1789) Brabant Belgium Revolution occurred; armies from Austria defeated
  • (1790) Belgians formed independent state of Etats Belgiques Unis
  • (1790) Austria regained control of the region
  • (1790) France drove Austrians out of the region
1700s - 1800s
  • (1795) Belgium became a part of France
  • (1797) Austria surrendered to Napoleon; Austria gave up the Netherlands and Lombardy to France
  • (1814) Napoleon abdicated his throne
  • (1815) Congress of Vienna united Belgium, Holland, and Luxembourg
  • (1821) Napoleon died
  • (1830) Declaration of independence from the Netherlands announced
  • (1831) Leopold I became king of Belgium
  • (1865) King Leopold II sent explorers to Africa; established the Congo Free State
  • (1908) United States forced the king to give control of the Congo to the Belgium Parliament; the Congo Free State became the Belgium Congo
  • (1909) King Albert became new King of Belgium
  • (1914) Germany invaded Belgium
  • (1914-18) World War I
  • (1918) Allied forces began the liberation of Belgium
  • (1920) Belgium abandoned neutrality; signed military alliance with France
  • (1940) Germany invaded Belgium and Holland: Belgian government evacuated to London; King Leopold surrendered to German forces
  • (1939-1945) World War II
  • (1944) Allied forces liberated Belgium
  • (1950) Belgian electorate voted for Leopold's return; after strikes and riots Leopold appointed eldest son, Prince Baudouin, to temporarily rule in his place
  • (1951) Baudouin officially assumed kingship
  • (1960) Belgian government granted independence to Congo; became Democratic Republic of Congo
  • (1967) "Innovation" department store in center of Brussels burned down; most devastating fire in Belgian history, 323 dead and missing, 150 injured
  • (1987) Cross channel ferry capsized outside the harbor off Zeebrugge, 180 drowned
  • (1992) Belgium ratified Maastricht Treaty on European Union
  • (1993) Constitution changed to recognize division of country into three administrative regions: Flanders, Wallonia and Brussels
  • (1993) King Baudouin died, succeeded by his brother, Albert II
  • (1999) Dioxin contamination scandal, many nations banned Belgium food exports
  • (1999) Prime Minister Jean-Luc Dehaene's coalition resigned after large election losses
  • (1999) Coalition led by Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt took office

Belgium Trivia

What are the major rivers of Belgium?

The Meuse River is the largest river to pass through Belgium. Other major rivers include Scheldt River, Oise River, Semois River, and Leie River.

Major Rivers Of Belgium

What is the Largest Ethnic Group in Belgium?

The Flemish ethnic group is the largest group in Belgium, followed by Walloon and Italian.

Largest Ethnic Groups And Nationalities In Belgium

What Languages Are Spoken in Belgium?

Dutch, French, and German are the 3 official languages of Belgium, while English is also widely spoken throughout the country.

What Languages Are Spoken In Belgium?

What is the Largest Religion in Belgium?

While most Belgians are Roman Catholic, the country has significant numbers of Muslims and atheists, especially in major urban areas.

Major Religions in Belgium

What type of government does Belgium have?

Belgium has a representative democratic, constitutional monarchy. The Prime Minister of the country serves as the head of government. The Belgian Parliament has two chambers, the Senate and the Chamber of Representatives. The Parliament and the government exercise the federal legislative power. The executive power is vested in the Government. The King of the Belgians is the head of state.

What Type Of Government Does Belgium Have?

What is the most populated city in Belgium?

Brussels is by far the most populous metropolitan area in Belgium, and is also the capital city. Approximately 1,789,447 people live throughout the entire metropolitan area.

Biggest Cities In Belgium

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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