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Austria History Timeline

  • (16 BC) Almost all of present-day Austria was under Roman control, and called the Noricum Territory
800s - 1400s
  • (803) Charlemagne developed the Ostmark, or (East Mark) territory along the Danube
  • (955) That land became part of the Holy Roman Empire, after defeat of the Magyars
  • (1156) Reestablished as Ostmart by the Roman Emperor, Otto the Great
  • (1278) German King, Rudolf I of Habsburg, gained control, and the Habsburg dynasty ruled until 1918, and the conclusion of World War I
  • (1438) Duke Albert V, chosen as successor to his father-in-law, Emperor Sigismund, a Holy Roman Emperor
  • (1477-1519) Through marriage, the Emperor Maximilian took control of the low countries
1500s - 1800s
  • (1519) Spain's King Charles, eventually known as the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, came to power
  • (1556) Ferdinand I, brother of King Charles and living in Vienna, was declared ruler of Austria, Spanish holdings
  • (1618 - 1648) The Thirty Years' War destroyed much of central Europe
  • (1657-1705) Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor, ruled the area for 48 years
  • (1683) Turk forces attacked Vienna, resulting in Hungary eventually being returned to Austrian control
  • (1711-1740) The reign of Emperor Charles V
  • (1740) The reign of Maria Teresa, the daughter of Charles V began, she ruled for 40 years
  • (1805) At Austerlitz, Napoleon defeated the Austrian forces
  • (1814-15) The Congress of Vienna successfully ended most central European conflicts
  • (1848) Revolution was in the air, and localized conflicts occur throughout the Habsburg Empire
  • (1866) Austria was defeated during the Austro-Prussian War, which forced a 1867 coalition between Austria and Hungary, and the new leadership of Emperor Franz Josef
  • (1914) The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, nephew of Franz Josef and heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, was the catalyst for a series of events that led to World War I
  • (1918) The Habsburgs were defeated during the war, and Austria was declared a republic
  • (1919) Treaty of St. Germain defined Austria's new boundaries
1900s continued
  • (1934) Socialist uprising crushed by government with backing of the army and the Home Defense Force
  • (1934) All politicial parties, except for Fatherland Front, were abolished
  • (1934) Parliament was dismissed by Chancellor Dollfuss
  • (1934) Imprisonment of Nazi conspirators led to attempted Nazi coup
  • (1934) Chancellor Dollfuss was assassinated, succeeded by Kurt von Schuschnigg
  • (1939-1945) World War II raged across German Third Reich
  • (1945-1955) Soviet troops liberated Vienna, and other Allied forces began their occupation of the country
  • (1945) Karl Renner elected president, Leopold Figl became chancellor
  • (1946 - 1947) Reconstruction began after denazification laws passed
  • (1955) The Austrian State Treaty proclaimed Austria to be an independent republic
  • (1964) Olympic Games held in Austria
  • (1964) Chancellor Bruno Kreisky formed government, dominated political scene for more than a decade
  • (1986) Kurt Waldheim elected President of Austria, Franz Vranitzky became chancellor
  • (1992) Thomas Klestil replaced Kurt Waldheim as President of Austria
  • (1994) Austria joined the European Union
  • (1998) Thomas Klestil re-elected as president

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