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Oman History Timeline

Oman's Information

Flag of Oman
Land Area 309,500 km2
Total Area 309,500km2 (#70)
Population 3,355,262 (#134)
Population Density 10.84/km2
Government Type Absolute Monarchy
GDP (PPP) $173.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $43,700
Currency Rial (OMR)
Largest Cities

See Also

700s - 1800s
  • (700s) Arabs were dominant, introduced Islam
  • (751) Imams ruled the region as spiritual leaders
  • (800s) Ibadiyah Islamic sect ruled with a succession of elected, hereditary Ibadite imams
  • (1154) Oman was ruled by Nabhani Dynasty
  • (1507) Portuguese seized Omani coast, sacked Muscat
  • (1507) Portuguese strengthened their control by capturing Hormuz, constructed a garrison
  • (1650) Portuguese expelled from Oman by the Imam Sultan bin Saif al-Yarubi
  • (1700) Portuguese built Old Fort in Stone Town, Zanzibar for defense against Oman
  • (1737) Persians invaded Oman
  • (1749) Persian community expelled by Ahmad ibn Said, Al Bu Said dynasty was established, Ahmad ibn Said was elected Imam
  • (1800s – 1900s) Empire expanded to include Zanzibar and Mombasa and part of the Indian Subcontinent
  • (1840) Zanzibar became capital of Oman
  • (1856) Ahmad ibn Said died, empire was split between two sons, one received Zanzibar, the other Oman
  • (1861) Ruler adopted the title of "Sultan
  • (1907) British forced abolition of slavery on Sultan of Zanzibar
  • (1913) Control of Oman was split, Ibadite imams ruled interior, sultan ruled coastal areas
  • (1920) Sultan recognized autonomy of the interior under British-brokered agreement
  • (1954) Imam began new rebellion
  • (1959) Sultan Said bin Taimur suppressed the rebellion, regained control
  • (1964) Oil reserves were discovered
  • (1965 - 1975) Leftist forces fought government in southern region of Dhofar, uprising stopped with assistance of soldiers from Britain, Jordan and Iran
  • (1967) Oil extraction began
  • (1970) Sultan Said overthrown by his son, Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said, in a bloodless coup; Sultan Said sent to exile in London
  • (1970) Sultan Qaboos started a liberalization, modernization program
  • (1971) Oman joined United Nations
  • (1980 - 1988) Oman attempted to stay neutral during Iran-Iraq War
  • (1981) Oman became a member of the six-nation Gulf Cooperation Council
  • (1990) Sultanate permitted Western military units to use its facilities after Iraq invaded Kuwait
  • (1990) Border agreement signed with Saudi Arabia
  • (1992) Border agreement signed with Yemen
  • (1996) Sultan Qaboos presented Oman's first written constitution, "Basic Statutes of the State"
  • (1997) Sultan Qaboos granted women the right to be elected to the Shura Council, country's consultative body, two women were elected
  • (1999) Oman and United Arab Emirates signed agreement on unsettled parts of the boundary between the two countries
  • (2000) Millions of dead fish washed ashore from Gulf of Oman, authorities blamed oxygen depletion due to phytoplankton
  • (2000) Sultan Qaboos appointed a 48-member state council which included 5 women
  • (2000) Six Persian Gulf nations signed regional defense pact
  • (2002) Sultan extended voting rights to everyone over 21 years of age
  • (2003) First elections held where all citizens over 21 could vote
  • (2004) Sultan appointed Oman's first female minister
  • (2005) Nearly 100 suspected Islamists were arrested for plotting to overthrow government
  • (2005) 30 people convicted of attempt to overthrow sultan and install Islamic government
  • (2006) Oman and U.S. signed a free trade agreement
  • (2006) Final border delineation completed by Oman and United Arab Emirates
  • (2007) Cyclone Gonu killed more than 50 people, disrupted oil production
  • (2009) Suspected Somali pirates hijacked cargo vessel off coast of Oman
  • (2011) Emirati spy ring that was targeting government and military in Oman was dismantled
  • (2011) Protesters in Sohar demanded higher salaries, more employment opportunities, political reform, less corruption, reduced taxes, one protester was killed, several injured
  • (2011) Sultan Qaboos promised creation of 50,000 new jobs, greater powers of the elected Consultative Council
  • (2011) Azzaman newspaper was accused of slander and ordered by the court to close for one month, two editors were sentenced to five months in jail
  • (2013) Solar system installed to assist in extracting oil
  • (2013) BP and Sultanate of Oman signed deal for development of huge natural gas field
  • (2014) MERS virus infected many residents of Middle East countries, including Oman; source of virus linked to camels
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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