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Oman History Timeline

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Oman's Information

Flag of Oman
Land Area 309,500 km2
Water Area 0 km2
Total Area 309,500 km2
Population 3,355,262
Population Density 10.84 / km2
Government Type Absolute Monarchy
GDP (PPP) $173.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $43,700
Currency Rial (OMR)
Largest Cities
  • Muscat (797,000)
  • As Sib al Jadidah (237,816)
  • Salalah (163,140)
  • Bawshar (159,487)
  • Al Sohar (108,274)
  • As Suwayq (107,143)
  • `Ibri (101,640)
  • Saham (89,327)
  • Barka' (81,647)
  • Rustaq (79,383)
700s - 1800s
  • (700s) Arabs were dominant, introduced Islam
  • (751) Imams ruled the region as spiritual leaders
  • (800s) Ibadiyah Islamic sect ruled with a succession of elected, hereditary Ibadite imams
  • (1154) Oman was ruled by Nabhani Dynasty
  • (1507) Portuguese seized Omani coast, sacked Muscat
  • (1507) Portuguese strengthened their control by capturing Hormuz, constructed a garrison
  • (1650) Portuguese expelled from Oman by the Imam Sultan bin Saif al-Yarubi
  • (1700) Portuguese built Old Fort in Stone Town, Zanzibar for defense against Oman
  • (1737) Persians invaded Oman
  • (1749) Persian community expelled by Ahmad ibn Said, Al Bu Said dynasty was established, Ahmad ibn Said was elected Imam
  • (1800s – 1900s) Empire expanded to include Zanzibar and Mombasa and part of the Indian Subcontinent
  • (1840) Zanzibar became capital of Oman
  • (1856) Ahmad ibn Said died, empire was split between two sons, one received Zanzibar, the other Oman
  • (1861) Ruler adopted the title of "Sultan
  • (1907) British forced abolition of slavery on Sultan of Zanzibar
  • (1913) Control of Oman was split, Ibadite imams ruled interior, sultan ruled coastal areas
  • (1920) Sultan recognized autonomy of the interior under British-brokered agreement
  • (1954) Imam began new rebellion
  • (1959) Sultan Said bin Taimur suppressed the rebellion, regained control
  • (1964) Oil reserves were discovered
  • (1965 - 1975) Leftist forces fought government in southern region of Dhofar, uprising stopped with assistance of soldiers from Britain, Jordan and Iran
  • (1967) Oil extraction began
  • (1970) Sultan Said overthrown by his son, Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said, in a bloodless coup; Sultan Said sent to exile in London
  • (1970) Sultan Qaboos started a liberalization, modernization program
  • (1971) Oman joined United Nations
  • (1980 - 1988) Oman attempted to stay neutral during Iran-Iraq War
  • (1981) Oman became a member of the six-nation Gulf Cooperation Council
  • (1990) Sultanate permitted Western military units to use its facilities after Iraq invaded Kuwait
  • (1990) Border agreement signed with Saudi Arabia
  • (1992) Border agreement signed with Yemen
  • (1996) Sultan Qaboos presented Oman's first written constitution, "Basic Statutes of the State"
  • (1997) Sultan Qaboos granted women the right to be elected to the Shura Council, country's consultative body, two women were elected
  • (1999) Oman and United Arab Emirates signed agreement on unsettled parts of the boundary between the two countries
  • (2000) Millions of dead fish washed ashore from Gulf of Oman, authorities blamed oxygen depletion due to phytoplankton
  • (2000) Sultan Qaboos appointed a 48-member state council which included 5 women
  • (2000) Six Persian Gulf nations signed regional defense pact
  • (2002) Sultan extended voting rights to everyone over 21 years of age
  • (2003) First elections held where all citizens over 21 could vote
  • (2004) Sultan appointed Oman's first female minister
  • (2005) Nearly 100 suspected Islamists were arrested for plotting to overthrow government
  • (2005) 30 people convicted of attempt to overthrow sultan and install Islamic government
  • (2006) Oman and U.S. signed a free trade agreement
  • (2006) Final border delineation completed by Oman and United Arab Emirates
  • (2007) Cyclone Gonu killed more than 50 people, disrupted oil production
  • (2009) Suspected Somali pirates hijacked cargo vessel off coast of Oman
  • (2011) Emirati spy ring that was targeting government and military in Oman was dismantled
  • (2011) Protesters in Sohar demanded higher salaries, more employment opportunities, political reform, less corruption, reduced taxes, one protester was killed, several injured
  • (2011) Sultan Qaboos promised creation of 50,000 new jobs, greater powers of the elected Consultative Council
  • (2011) Azzaman newspaper was accused of slander and ordered by the court to close for one month, two editors were sentenced to five months in jail
  • (2013) Solar system installed to assist in extracting oil
  • (2013) BP and Sultanate of Oman signed deal for development of huge natural gas field
  • (2014) MERS virus infected many residents of Middle East countries, including Oman; source of virus linked to camels

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