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Kazakhstan History Timeline

Kazakhstan's Information

Flag of Kazakhstan
Land Area 2,699,700 km2
Water Area 25,200 km2
Total Area 2,724,900km2 (#9)
Population 18,360,353 (#62)
Population Density 6.80/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $469.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $25,700
Currency Tenge (KZT)
More Information Kazakhstan
Largest Cities
500 BC - 200 BC
  • (500 BC) Sakas inhabited present-day southern Kazakhstan
  • (200 BC) Eastern Kazakhstan under control of the Hsiung-nu, ancestors of the Huns
700 AD - 1900s
  • (700s AD) Arab invaders introduced Islam
  • (1219 - 1224) Mongol-Tatar tribes, led by Genghis Khan, invaded Kazakhstan and Central Asia
  • (1400s) Kazakh entity formed, Kazakhs became a strong ethnic group
  • (1600s) Kazakhs split into three groups: Elder, Middle and Lesser Zhuzes
  • (1731 - 1742) Three Zhuzes became part of Russia, sought protection from the Mongols
  • (1735) Orsk, the first Russian outpost was built
  • (1822 - 1868) Russia kept control of Kazakh tribes, in spite of many uprisings
  • (1832) Akmolinsk (present-day Astana) founded
  • (1868 - 1916) Thousands of peasants from Russia and Ukraine settled in Kazakhstan, set up industrial enterprises
1900s
  • (1916) Kazakhs revolt against Russian Czar, more than 300,000 flee, 150,000 people killed
  • (1917) Following Bolshevik revolution in Russia, civil war broke out in Kazakhstan
  • (1917) Kazakh nationals set up independent state
  • (1919) Kazakh nationals surrendered to Bolsheviks
  • (1920) Kazakhstan became autonomous republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)
  • (1924) Women's suffrage enacted
  • (1930 - 1960) Millions of people, including German and Russian dissidents, died due to starvation and torture in gulag camps
  • (1936) Kazakhstan became full USSR union
  • (1940s) USSR Premier Stalin ordered mass deportation of hundreds of thousands of Koreans, Crimean Tatars, Germans to Kazakhstan
  • (1949) Nuclear test conducted in eastern Kazakhstan at Semipalatinsk testing ground
  • (1954-1962) Soviet leader, Nikita Khrushchev, initiated campaign to develop virgin lands in Kazakhstan; nearly 2 million people, mostly Russians, moved; ethnic Kazakhs reduced to minority population
  • (1961) First manned spacecraft launched from Baikonur site in central Kazakhstan
  • (1965) USSR conducted nuclear test in eastern Kazakhstan
  • (1968) Soviet engineers diverted water from two feeder streams, Amu Darya and Syr Darya, causing Aral Sea to begin shrinking
  • (1971) Soviets tested weaponized smallpox, outbreak killed two children and one woman
  • (1986) Kazakh Dinmukhamed Kunaev, head of Communist Party of Kazakhstan (CPK) was replaced by Gennady Kolbin, an ethnic Russian, protests broke out in Almaty, at least two killed
  • (1989) Nursultan Nazarbayev, replaced Kolbin as head of CPK
  • (1989) Parliament proclaimed Kazakh as official state language and Russian the inter-ethnic communication language
  • (1990) Aral Sea split in two between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, left patch of desert between the two countries
  • (1990) Nursultan Nazarbayev elected first Kazakh president by Supreme Soviet
  • (1991) CPK withdrew from the Soviet Union's Communist Party
  • (1991) President Nazarbayev closed Semipalatinsk nuclear testing ground
  • (1991) Nursultan Nazarbayev reelected in uncontested presidential election
  • (1991) Kazakhstan declared independence from Soviet Union
  • (1991) Kazakhstan was one of the 12 former Soviet republics to join the Commonwealth of Independent States, ended the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  • (1992) Kazakhstan joined United Nations and Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe
  • (1993) New constitution adopted, increased presidential power, launched privatization program
  • (1994) President Nazarbayev appointed Akezhan Kazhegeldin as prime minister
  • (1995) Economic and military cooperation pact signed with Russia, nuclear-free status obtained
  • (1995) President Nazarbayev's term extended until December 2000
  • (1995) New constitution adopted
  • (1995) Private ownership of land legalized
  • (1996) Swarms of locusts threatened two million acres of farmland in the Atyrauz and Kokchetav regions and along the Caspian Sea
  • (1997) China and Kazakhstan secured major oil agreements
  • (1997) Capital moved from Almaty to Admola in the northern part of the country
  • (1997) Admola renamed Astana
  • (1997) Amendments to constitution included extending president's term from five to seven years, removed upper age limit for president
  • (1997) President Nazarbayev fired Prime Minister Kazhegeldin, appointed Nurlan Balgimbayev as new prime minister
  • (1998) Russia, Kazakhstan signed agreement dividing northern part of Caspian Sea into Russian and Kazakh sectors
  • (1999) Nursultan Nazarbayev reelected president for a seven-year term
  • (1999) Kazakh authorities detained members of Russian nationalist group who were planning secessionist uprising
  • (1999) Switzerland froze over a dozen Kazakhstan bank accounts for alleged money laundering
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

Kazakhstan Trivia

What Languages are Spoken in Kazakhstan?

Kazakhstan is a bilingual nation where both Kazakh and Russian are spoken widely in the country.

What Languages Are Spoken In Kazakhstan?

What Kind of Economy Does Kazakhstan Have?

The economy of Kazakhstan is the largest one in Central Asia and is supported by enormous oil reserves, minerals, and metals.

The Economy Of Kazakhstan

What is the majority religion in Kazakhstan?

Islam is the highest religion making up to 70% of the population, followed by Christianity forming 26% and other religions in the minority.

Religion in Kazakhstan

Which Is The Most Populous City In Kazakhstan?

With a population of nearly 2 million people, Almaty is Kazakhstan’s most populous city. It houses about 8% of the country’s total population.

Biggest Cities In Kazakhstan

What is the Capital of Kazakhstan?

Located on the Ishim River's bank, Astana is the capital city of Kazakhstan.

What Is The Capital Of Kazakhstan?

What Kind of Government Does Kazakhstan Have?

Kazakhstan is a presidential republic where the President, the head of state, nominates the head of government.

What Type Of Government Does Kazakhstan Have?

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