The territory of Kazakhstan consists mainly of deserts, semi-deserts, and steppes, with smaller expanses of forested areas. Its deserts are immense, and the mountain peaks are high and harsh. The country's wildlife consists of various species of rare and unique animals and plants. Kazakhstan is home to around 12 species of amphibians, many of which are in the Red Data Book of endangered species. The government is trying to conserve the rare and native species of its wildlife in reserves and parks.
Amphibians of Russia
Central Asian Salamander (Ranodon Sibiricus)
This salamander is yellow-brown, olive, or gray in color. Some have dark spots. Their bellies are pale pink. Their colors change according to the environment, and they look darker in water and lighter on land. They have round and robust bodies, with a flat head and bulging eyes. They majorly occupy temperate forests, tundra, temperate grassland, rivers, and wet areas of freshwater and spring. They prefer cold water.
Xinjiang Toad (Pseudepidalea Pewzowi)
The Xinjiang toad has a strong body, short legs and a snout. The crown is smooth and has no bony ridges their skins are dry and have warts. They inhabit temperate forests, dry scrub lands, grasslands, freshwater marshes, and arable lands. They are found in China, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and Tajikistan. They lay their eggs in places with slow moving waters such as ponds, pools, and oases.
European Green Toad (buro Viridis)
They have green or dark brown spots on their backs. Most of them have white stomachs. Their backs are light gray, cream, or olive. Two green stripes run from the eyes to the nostrils. Their hind limbs are short and have little webs. Female toads are larger than male ones. They lay around 9,000 to 15,000 eggs together at a time. The toad lives in steppes, mountains, semi-deserts, grassland, forests, scrub lands, and urban areas. They also occur in parts of Estonia, Russia, and Greece.
Asiatic Toad (Bufo danatensies)
The habitats of the Asiatic toad (Bufo danatensies) are mainly in the lake basins of Zaysan and Alakol, and the toad also occupies the lowlands and mountains. There is no comprehensive strategy for its protection, and neither are their protected breeding sites for this species.
The native amphibians of Kazakhstan are mostly aquatic, especially when it is time for breeding. Most of them prefer freshwater areas and marshes. After breeding most become terrestrial and only hibernate during extreme environmental changes.