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Burma Facts

  • Name: Burma
    (long form) Union of Burma

    Note: Since 1989 the military authorities in Burma have promoted Myanmar as a conventional name for their state. This decision was not (and is not) approved by any sitting legislature in Burma, and is not accepted by the U.S. However, the name Myanmar is now widely accepted by numerous countries and by the United Nations.
  • Capital City: Nay Pyi Taw (925,000 pop.)

    Note: On November 6, 2005, the administrative capital was moved from the city of Rangoon to the newly built city of Nay Pyi Taw.
  • Burma Population: 55,167,330 (2013 est.)
  • World Populations (all countries)
  • Currency: Kyat (MMK)
    (conversion rates)

    35 kyat
  • Ethnicity: Burman 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Indian 2%, Mon 2%
  • GDP total: $54.05 billion (2012 est.)
  • GDP per capita: $1,400 (2012 est.)
  • Land Sizes
  • Language: Burmese (official), minority ethnic groups have their own languages
  • Largest Cities: (by population) Rangoon, Mandalay, Mawlamyine, Bago, Pathein
  • Name: Burma's name references the nation's major ethnic group, the Burmese Bamar
  • National Day: January 4
  • Religion: Buddhist 89%, Christian 4% (Baptist 3%, Roman Catholic 1%), Muslim 4%, animist 1%
  • Symbols

About Burma

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.