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Bangladesh

Bangladesh's Information

Flag of Bangladesh
Land Area 130,170 km2
Water Area 18,290 km2
Total Area 148,460km2 (#92)
Population 156,186,882 (#8)
Population Density 1,199.87/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $628.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $3,900
Currency Taka (BDT)
More Information Bangladesh
Largest Cities

For many thousands of years a long list of regional empires and European traders fought for control of the waterlogged land now called Bangladesh (formerly called East Pakistan).

Prior to the 6th century AD, the Gupta Empire commanded much of the Indian subcontinent, before being divided between the Gauda kings in the west and the Vanga Kingdom in the east.

Following a small rush of power, Bangladesh fell into an era of conflict and foreign invasion.

In 750, Gopala became the first ruler of the Pala Dynasty, the first independent Buddhist dynasty of Bangladesh. It prevailed for four centuries, providing an era of stability and prosperity.

Vijay Sen annihilated the final Pala emperor during the 12th century, and re-introduced Hinduism to the region; Sufi missionaries arrived a short time thereafter, introducing Islam.

Numerous dynasties fought for control through the next several hundred years including the Turks, Hussain Shahis and Mughals, and then Murshid Quli Khan abolished the Mughal's in 1717, opening the door for Islamic dynasties to gain control.

In 1757, the British East India Company took over following the Battle of Plassey, and transformed the region into a trading post for bamboo, tea, sugar cane, spices, cotton, muslin and jute. Power was transferred completely to the British crown after the bloody Sepoy Mutiny of 1857, and Bangladesh fell into a downward spiral.

Adding to the increasingly weakened state, famine struck South Asia hard in the following decades, with the Great Bengal famine in 1943 - claiming the lives of more than three million.

Bangladesh was ruled by Britain throughout the 19th and 20th centuries. In 1947 the country was partitioned along religious lines after the British retreated. Western territory was relinquished to the newly created India, while the eastern side became a province of Pakistan.

It wasn't long before dissatisfaction of Pakistan's ruling emerged, and throughout the 1950s and 1960s Bangladesh pushed for autonomy.

This page was last updated on July 12, 2016.

Bangladesh Trivia

Where is Bangladesh?

Bangladesh is a country located in South Asia.

Fun Facts about Bangladesh

What is the Largest Ethnic Group in Bangladesh?

The largest ethnic group in Bangladesh are the Bengali people, at 98%.

Ethnic Groups In Bangladesh

What is the Longest River in Bangladesh?

The Brahmaputra River is one of the greatest in Asia and the longest to pass through Bangladesh, covering a length of 1,802 miles, and also cutting across India, Bhutan, and China. It starts from Kailash in northern Tibet and ends in the Bay of Bengal.

Major Rivers Of Bangladesh

What Language is Spoken in Bangladesh?

Bengali or Bangla, the official and national language of Bangladesh, is also the language spoken by the majority of people of the country.

What Languages Are Spoken In Bangladesh?

What is the Major Religion in Bangladesh?

Most Bangladeshis are Sunni Muslims, while Hindus are the largest religious minority in the country.

Religious Beliefs In Bangladesh

What is the Biggest City in Bangladesh?

The largest city in Bangladesh is Dhaka. The latest UN report labels Dhaka as the fastest growing mega city in the world, estimating the growth will see its population reach as high as 10 million or even more in the near future.

The Biggest Cities In Bangladesh

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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