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Afghanistan's Information

Flag of Afghanistan
Land Area 652,230 km2
Total Area 652,230km2 (#40)
Population 33,332,025 (#40)
Population Density 51.10/km2
Government Type Presidential Islamic Republic
GDP (PPP) $64.08 Billion
GDP Per Capita $2,000
Currency Afghani (AFN)
More Information Afghanistan
Largest Cities

A turbulent past as well as a chaotic present describes the country of Afghanistan perfectly.

Humans have been living in and around Afghanistan's region for at least 50,000 years. It has been suggested that the area was home to some of the earliest farming communities in the world.

It was invaded and conquered (over the centuries) by the Persians, Greeks, Arabs, Mongols, Tartars and British. Today the country is deeply involved in America's on-going worldwide war on terrorism.

During the 7th century AD, Arab Muslims brought Islam to Afghanistan, turning the region into the primary focal point of the Muslim world. By the 11th century the remaining non-Muslim areas had all adopted Islam.

The Mongol barbarians and Genghis Khan stormed through Afghanistan in the year 1219 annihilating cities and villages along the way. The Mongols dominated the region, driving the locals to rural societies, until the Timurid dynasty took control in 1370.

By the 16th century, and lasting until the early 18th century, Afghanistan fell under the rule of three regional kingdoms: Khanate of Bukhara in the north, Shi'a Safavids in the west, with the remaining area was controlled by the Delhi Sultanate.

The Afghan citizens began to grow restless under their leadership, and in 1709 a successful revolt headed by Mirwais Hotak (widely recognized as Afghanistan's George Washington) overthrew the Persians.

In 1722, Mirwais Hotak's son Mahmud took an army with him to Persia, eradicated the capital of Isfahan, and he declared to be King of Persia.

Naturally, this displeased the citizens of Persia, and they refused to align with the new Afghan rulers. After the massacre of thousands, a battle between the Persians and Afghans developed, and in 1729 the Persians pushed out the Hotaki dynasty.

Ahmad Shah Durrani was appointed head of state in 1747, and has since become recognized as the founder of the modern state of Afghanistan. Along with the Afghan army, Durrani was responsible for conquering the entirety of present-day Afghanistan, as well as Pakistan, the Khorasan and Kohistan provinces of Iran, and Delhi in India.

Following Durrani's death in 1772, his son, Timur Shah Durrani, assumed control of the region, and transferred the capital from Kandahar to Kabul in 1776.

Instability surfaced in the early 1800s as the Sikhs in the east and the Persians in the west threatened the Afghan Empire. The Persians were successfully held back, but the Sikhs defeated Afghan's present ruler, Fateh Khan, at the Battle of Attock.

Prior to the invasion, Fateh Khan had divided 21 of his brothers in ruling positions throughout the empire, and after his death the brothers divided the provinces between themselves.

This page was last updated on July 12, 2016.

Afghanistan Trivia

What are the Major Ethnic Groups of Afghanistan?

Pashtun peoples are the largest ethnic group in the south of the country, while Tajiks and Uzbeks are concentrated along the norther borders, and the Hazara in the central highlands. Around 42% of the country's population is Pashtun.

The Ethnic Groups Of Afghanistan

What Languages Are Spoken In Afghanistan?

In the multilingual country of Afghanistan, Dari and Pashto are the official and most widely spoken languages. Uzbek, Balochi, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pashayi, etc., are some of the country’s regional languages.

What Languages Are Spoken In Afghanistan?

Which Countries Border Afghanistan?

Afghanistan is a landlocked country that is bordered by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, China, and Iran.

Which Countries Border Afghanistan?

What Kind of Government Does Afghanistan Have?

The President, the council of ministers, provincial governors, and the national assembly, constitute the Government of Afghanistan. The elected president and his two vice presidents as dictated by the new constitution adopted in 2004 have a 5-year term. The National Assembly of Afghanistan makes up the national legislature.

What Type Of Government Does Afghanistan Have?

What is the Biggest City in Afghanistan?

The biggest city in Afghanistan is Kabul, which has a population of over 3 million people.

Biggest Cities In Afghanistan

What are the Most Popular Sports in Afghanistan?

Association football and cricket are the most popular sports in Afghanistan.

Fun Facts About Afghanistan

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