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Rwanda's Information

Flag of Rwanda
Land Area 24,668 km2
Water Area 1,670 km2
Total Area 26,338km2 (#144)
Population 12,988,423 (#73)
Population Density 526.53/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $21.97 Billion
GDP Per Capita $1,900
Currency Franc (RWF)
More Information Rwanda
Largest Cities

Geographically dominated by mountain ranges, the Republic of Rwanda is predominantly rural, and its population relatively young; additionally, its population density is one of the highest in Africa.

Humans began inhabiting the region between 8000 BC - 3000BC, and had structured themselves into various clans (Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa) by the 15th century.
The Tutsi Nyiginya clan grew to be the more dominant, and during the 19th century, under the reign of King Kigeli Rwabugiri, reached its greatest expansion.

The territory of Rwanda was assigned to Germany as part of German East Africa in 1884. Under German ruling, the existing hierarchy remained intact, and power was delegated to the local chiefs.

A more direct form of ruling came during World War I when Belgian forces introduced a more centralized power structure. During this time frame Belgium also improved educational, health, and agricultural endeavors.

In 1959, three years before independence from Belgium, the majority ethnic group, the Hutus, overthrew the ruling Tutsi king. Over the next several years, thousands of Tutsis were killed, and some 150,000 driven into exile in neighboring countries.

The children of these exiles later formed a rebel group known as the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), and began a civil war in 1990. The war, along with numerous other political upheavals, exacerbated ethnic tensions, culminating in April 1994 in the genocide of roughly 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus.

The Tutsi rebels defeated the Hutu regime and ended the killing in July 1994, but approximately 2 million Hutu refugees - many fearing Tutsi retribution - fled to neighboring Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda, and the former Zaire.

Since then, most of the refugees have returned to Rwanda, but several thousand remain in neighboring Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Paul Kagame became President of Rwanda in March 2000. In August of 2003, he won a landslide victory in the first national elections since his government took power in 1994.

The country has made a remarkable recovery under the leadership of Kagame, and is now considered to be a model for developing countries.

Rwanda has achieved stability, international integration and economic growth. The average income over the past ten years has tripled. The current government is one of the most efficient and honest in Africa and it is also regarded as the safest country in East and Central Africa.

This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.

Rwanda Trivia

What Languages are Spoken in Rwanda?

Kinyarwanda is a Bantu ethnic language with more than 12 million speakers in various countries including the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, and Rwanda. In Rwanda, Kinyarwanda is an official language and the only ethnic language.

What Languages Are Spoken in Rwanda?

Which Is The Most Populous City In Rwanda?

Kigali, the capital of Rwanda, is the most populous city in the country with 745,261 residents. Kigali encompasses an area of 280 square miles in central Rwanda and sits at an elevation of 5,141 feet above sea level. Kigali is a relatively new settlement in the history of Rwanda and was established in 1907 during German colonial rule. It did not become the capital of the country until 1962, the year of Rwandan independence. The economy of this city relies on the nearby tin ore mining operations, from where the ore is brought into the city for processing.

Biggest Cities In Rwanda

What are the ethnic groups of Rwanda?

84% of the Rwanda population are Hutu, 15% are Tutsi, and 1% are Twa.

Ethnic Groups Of Rwanda

Which Countries Border Rwanda?

Rwanda is bordered by four countries: Uganda to the north, Tanzania to the east, Burundi to the south and the Democratic Republic of Congo to the west.

Which Countries Border Rwanda?

What are the Ecological Regions of Rwanda?

Ecological regions of Rwanda include the Albertine Rift Montane Forests and the Ruwenzori-Virunga Montane Moorlands.

Ecological Regions Of Rwanda

What is the Currency of Rwanda?

The official currency of Rwanda is the Rwandan franc.

What is the Currency of Rwanda?

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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