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Ghana History Timeline

Ghana's Information

Flag of Ghana
Land Area 227,533 km2
Water Area 11,000 km2
Total Area 238,533km2 (#80)
Population 26,908,262 (#48)
Population Density 118.26/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $121.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $4,400
Currency Cedi (GHS)
Largest Cities
1200s - 1800s
  • (1200s) Akans emerged from the Bonoman region and created several Akan states based around the trading of gold
  • (1482) Trade was established with Portuguese merchants
  • (1500s) Forts were built at Komeda and Kormantsi by the Dutch
  • (1874) England established control and proclaimed the coastal area a crown colony
  • (1957) Ghana is granted independence
  • (1960) Ghana is declared a republic; Kwame Nkrumah is named prime minister and president
  • (1966) Nkrumah's government was overthrown in a military coup
  • (1969) A new constitution shifted power over to Kofi Busia
  • (1972) Busia is ousted in a military coup led by Colonel Ignatius Acheampong
  • (1979) Power is handed over to a newly elected president, Hilla Limann, following a coup led by Jerry Rawlings
  • (1981) Hilla Limann is ousted following two years of a weak government and stagnant economy, Rawlings assumed control
  • (1981) Political parties are banned and the constitution is suspended
  • (1992) A new constitution is approved introducing a multiparty system, Rawlings is elected president
  • (1994) Ethnic clashes between the Konkomba and Nanumba in the Northern Region over land ownership resulted in the deaths of over a thousand with a further 150,000 displaced
  • (1996) Rawlings is re-elected president
  • (2000) John Kufuor is elected president following elections
  • (2001) Fuel subsidies are removed by the government causing a 60% increase in petrol prices
  • (2001) A football stampede occurred at the Accra Sports Stadium, making it the worst stadium disaster in African history, 127 people are killed
  • (2002) Clan violence in the north sparked a state of emergency after a tribal chief and more than 30 others were killed
  • (2003) Two gold-mining firms are merged to form a gold-mining giant
  • (2004) Kufor is re-elected president
  • (2005) Togolese refugees in the thousands arrived to Ghana
  • (2007) Oil is discovered off the Ghananian coast
  • (2007) Flooding caused widespread devastation and destroyed a majority of the annual harvest
  • (2008) John Atta Mills is elected president
  • (2010) Offshore oil production began
  • (2012) John Mahama is appointed interim head of state, and is eventually elected president, following the death of Mills
  • (2012) The Ivory Coast temporarily closed its borders after a deadly attack at an army checkpoint
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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