1. World Map /
  2. Africa/
  3. Eritrea/
  4. Eritrea Timeline

Eritrea History Timeline

Eritrea's Information

Flag of Eritrea
Land Area 101,000 km2
Water Area 16,600 km2
Total Area 117,600km2 (#99)
Population 5,869,869 (#112)
Population Density 58.12/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $9.17 Billion
GDP Per Capita $1,300
Currency Nakfa (ERN)
Largest Cities
300s AD - 1800s
  • (300-600 AD) Eritrea formed part of the Ethiopian kingdom of Aksum
  • (600s) Islam is introduced to the coastal areas
  • (1500s) A garrison is established on the coast of the Red Sea by the Ottoman Turks
  • (1890) Eritrea is proclaimed a colony of Italy
  • (1941) Eritrea is occupied by British forces
  • (1946) The first annual Tour of Eritrea, a multistage bicycle race, is held
  • (1949) Britain administered the region as a United Nations trust territory
  • (1952) Eritrea is made into a federal component of Ethiopia by the UN
  • (1958) The Eritrean Liberation Front is formed
  • (1962) Eritrea is annexed by Ethiopia and turned into a province sparking a war of independence
  • (1990) The port of Massawa is captured by the Eritrean People's Liberation Front
  • (1991) A provisional government is formed after the capture of the Eritrean capital Asmara by the People's Liberation Front; a referendum date on Eritrean independence is set by the UN with Ethiopian backing
  • (1993) Eritrea is granted independence and joins the United Nations; Isaias Afwerki is elected president
  • (1995) The Yemeni islands of Hanish are invaded by Eritrean troops
  • (1998) An international arbitration panel awarded the Greater Hanish island to Yemen, with the smaller islands being divided up between the two countries
  • (1998) The Eritrean–Ethiopian War unfolds after a border clash, over 70,000 people are killed
  • (2000) A ceasefire and peace agreement between Eritrea and Ethiopia are issued
  • (2001) The final Eritrean troops are pulled out of the border zone with Ethiopia
  • (2005) A food shortage occurs after a series of droughts; emergency operations extended help to more than 840,000 people
  • (2005) The UN issued a threat to withdraw from Eritrea after all UN helicopter flights were banned from Eritrea's airspace; Eritrean officials ordered an expulsion of all North American, European, and Russian peacekeepers from the UN mission monitoring the Eritrea/Ethiopia border
  • (2006) A proposal put forth by an independent boundary commission is rejected by Eritrea and Ethiopia
  • (2007) Female circumcision is banned
  • (2007) Border conflicts are reignited between Eritrea and Ethiopia; Eritrea accepted a new border line created by the international boundary commission, but is rejected by Ethiopia
  • (2008) Peacekeeper forces are pulled out of Eritrea following government restrictions; Eritrea is accused of digging trenches at a disputed border area with Djibouti
  • (2008) Eritrea motioned to terminate UN peacekeeping mission within its borders
  • (2008) Fighting between Djiboutian and Eritrean troops erupted in the disputed Ras Doumeira border area
  • (2008) UN peacekeeping missions monitoring the border between Eritrea and Ethiopia ended after a unanimous vote with the UN Security Council
  • (2010) Eritrea and Djibouti agreed to a peaceful resolve in border disputes
  • (2011) Worst drought in 50 years hits the Horn of Africa, including Eritrea
  • (2013) Brutal repression forced thousands to flee Eritrea according to UN human rights reporter
This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.

Eritrea Trivia

What is the Largest Ethnic Group in Eritrea?

The Biher-Tigrinya people are the largest ethnic group in Eritrea today, followed by the related Tigre people.

Major Ethnic Groups Of Eritrea

What is the highest mountain in Eritrea?

Dega Mountain has the highest peak in Eritrea. It reaches 9,997 feet above sea level.

The Highest Mountains in Eritrea

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

Trending on WorldAtlas

Countries of Africa